Seven matched pairs of factories representing three industries were studied to determine factors involved in the successful application of safety program practices. Lumber, primary metals, and machinery plants were matched by work force size, industrial category, and location with one member of the pair having a high accident rate and the other a low rate. On site surveys were made as a companion study to a previously published report (Cohen et al., 1975) based on questionnaire surveys of these seven and 35 other factories. Low accident factories had greater commitment and involvement of management to safety affairs and also showed greater skills in handling resources, both material and human. These factories favored a humanistic approach in dealing with employees, who were encouraged to interact with supervisors; they followed better employee selection procedures and frequently used core workers rather than supervisors to train new people, which produced a more stable workforce and comparatively low turnover rates and absenteeism. Finally, low accident factories showed a higher level of environmental housekeeping and cleanliness and a marked interest in environmental concerns.