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Assessing coal conversion processes.
Environ Sci Technol 1978 Aug; 12(8):890-894
The need for monitoring and control technologies to prevent environmental and occupational health problems associated with the commercialization of coal conversion processes is discussed, noting that these problems are not well defined because the state of the art of coal conversion in the U.S. is generally at the process development unit or pilot plant stage. The complex composition of coal and the reaction conditions prevalent in conversion result in a wide range of products that can be hazardous to health. Air emissions, water discharges, and solid waste streams are the prime targets of concern both within plants (worker health) and outside (public health). It is concluded that monitoring and control technologies have not been developed commensurate with process technology, and if the potential of coal conversion processes is to be fully developed as a major energy source, increased research and development on these technologies is crucial.
NIOSH-Author; Control-methods; Pollution; Monitoring-systems; Environmental-control; Coal-processing; Coal-gasification; Coal-liquefaction
Issue of Publication
Environmental Science and Technology
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division