NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Recognition of accident potential in the workplace: physical environmental factors 511.

Schaplowsky AF
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1977 May; :1-247
A NIOSH developed course is presented which represents a unique approach to presentation of basic concepts in accident, illness and injury prevention which can be considered as the first step in a sequence of courses presenting accident prevention techniques. The course was prepared with a pragmatic rather than a research orientation in order to permit understanding by a wide range of students. Experienced safety professionals perform hazard recognition routinely while carrying out their day to day responsibilities. Such hazard recognition is the result of empirical knowledge based on education and experience over a number of years. When attempting to relate this experience and base knowledge to individuals with minimal experience in the safety field, there is a tendency to identify particular processes, pieces of equipment, acts, materials, etc., which produce hazards rather than to identify groupings or categories which would permit future recognition of new hazards. In hazard recognition, there are two steps which experienced persons perform routinely: recognition of accident potential and evaluation of the potential to determine if an actual hazard is or is not present. If accident potential is recognized early enough, the mitigation or elimination of a hazard may be possible before injury or loss results. Thus, the course concept is based on the premise that recognition is a condition of seeing again, and in presenting the student in the controlled classroom atmosphere a first sighting. The objective is to compress the amount of time it takes a newcomer to the field of safety to accumulate a broad range of baseline knowledge and skill and to begin making a meaningful contribution.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-74-0076; Accidents; Occupational-safety-education; Health-engineering; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Safety-practices; Training
Publication Date
Document Type
Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Human Potential Development Corporation, Westlake Village, California
Page last reviewed: January 28, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division