NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Printing industry occupational hazards.

NIOSH 1977 Oct; :309-315
The printing industry is classified into newspaper publishing and printing, periodical publishing and printing, book publishing and printing, book printing, miscellaneous publishing and printing, commercial printing, letter press and screen, commercial printing - lithography, engraving, plate printing and gravure, manifold business forms, greeting card publishing, blank books, and service industries for printing trade. Description of the processes is given. The chemical agents used in the different processes include lead (7439921) and lead alloys with tin (7440315) and antimony (7440360) for type; steel, copper (7440508), aluminum (7429905), zinc (7440666), magnesium (7439954), chromium (7440473) and brass for plates; mineral acids and salts for etching, carbon black and pigments for inks, organic and petroleum solvents for thinning, oils and greases for ink thickening; polymers, gelatin, and cellulosic esters for photographic films and materials; photographic emulsions; glues, varnishes, resins and paints. Many of these substances are toxic, flammable, and potential hazards, and may contaminate the workers' skin, clothing, and surroundings while washing, handling and during accidental spilling. Carbon black may enter the respiratory system and other parts of the workers' bodies. Excessive noise commonly occurs and can cause permanent hearing damage. Press rooms and other printing plant operations develop noise at 90 decibel (A) levels. Other safety and health hazards are also discussed. (Contract No. 210-77-0120)
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-77-0120; Printers; Flammable-materials; Photography; Photoengraving; Presswork; Printing-equipment; Metals; Printing-inks; Organic-solvents; Hazardous-materials; Toxic-substances; Skin-disorders
7439-92-1; 7440-31-5; 7440-36-0; 7440-50-8; 7429-90-5; 7440-66-6; 7439-95-4; 7440-47-3
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Information Profiles on Potential Occupational Hazards, NIOSH Contract No. 210-77-0120, October 1977
Page last reviewed: May 11, 2023
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division