Cancer Experience of Workers Employed in the Steel and Aluminum Industry.
Lloyd JW; Lemen RA; Miller C; Brown DP
NIOSH 1978:13 pages
Attention is called to studies reporting high risk of various cancers within certain sections of the steel and aluminum (7429905) industries to point out the need for systematic studies of aluminum and other industries which might lead to the identification of previously unrecognized occupational carcinogens. The long delay is emphasized between the first observation of human cancers induced by combustion products of bituminous coal and the development of evidence describing the cancer risks among men employed at coke plants in the steel industry. Available evidence from three independent sources strongly suggest an increased cancer risk at one or more sites for aluminum reduction workers. Futhermore, it is noted that these workers, as coke oven workers, are exposed to coal tar pitch volatiles, which has many carcinogenic constituents. The present situation of aluminum workers is considered analogous to what was seen in the 1930's among coke oven workers. It is recommended that government agencies initiate in-depth epidemiological cohort studies of aluminum industry workers as speedily as possible.
Hazards; Steelmaking-industry; Steelworkers; Industrial-emission-sources; Epidemiology; Light-metals; Metals;
Industry-Wide Studies Branch, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 13 pages, 20 references