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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-73-123-298, Campbell Plastics, Inc., Schenectady, New York.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 73-123-298, 1976 Jun; :1-16
A Health Hazard Evaluation investigation was conducted by NIOSH on February 5-6, April 2-3 and December 4, 1974, and on May 9, 1975, at Campbell Plastics, Inc., Schenectady, New York, a manufacturer of polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) trim (SIC-3465) for automobiles. The survey was prompted by a request from an authorized representative of the approximately 175 affected employees regarding exposure by inhalation of smoke, fumes and vapor from work with polyvinyl- chloride, toluene (108883), and methyl-ethyl-ketone (78933), and also skin contact with the same agents. Environmental sampling failed to establish toxic levels of vinyl-chloride (75014) monomer in the air. Polyvinyl-chloride smoke and fumes caused minor eye and respiratory irritation in about 40 percent of the workers; in one case a chronic respiratory condition was exacerbated by exposure to the plastic. Two workers presented hypersensitivity to the hot plastic products, including one to skin contact. Past toxic exposure to solvents has been corrected by covering the solvent baths. Recommendations are made for improved exhaust ventilation and solvent handling methods.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-73-123-298; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-2; Industrial-plants; Vinyl-polymers; Air-quality-measurement; Air-contamination; Plastics-industry; Chlorinated-ethylenes; Eye-irritation; Respiratory-irritation; Skin-disorders; Organic-solvents; Author Keywords: Granular PVC; Plasticizers; Stabilizers; Pigments; Solvents; Fumes; Smoke; Skin Contact
9002-86-2; 108-88-3; 78-93-3; 75-01-4
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division