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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-76-33-34-431, Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corporation Ravenswood, West Virginia.

Authors
Chrostek-WJ; Straub-W; Powell-K
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 76-33-34-431, 1977 Sep; :1-19
NIOSHTIC No.
00074941
Abstract
A Health Hazard Evaluation investigation was conducted by NIOSH on July 27-29, 1977, at the Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corporation, Ravenswood, West Virginia in the facility for the production of virgin aluminum metal (SIC-3334) by electrolytic reduction of alumina (1344281) using prebaked carbon electrodes and cryolite (1344758) flux. The survey was prompted by a request from an authorized representative of the approximately 550 affected employees regarding physical impairment, primarily a high incidence of coronary heart disease in the pot and casting departments. Environmental sampling revealed that the anode setters in the pot area may be exposed to excessive concentrations of aluminum-oxide (1344281), while fluoride exposure was not excessive. In the casting area exposure to carbon-monoxide (630080), sulfur-dioxide (7446095) and ammonia (7664417) was minimal. According to available medical data, the findings related to determining whether a high rate of coronary disease existed were inconclusive. Recommendations are made for environmental control and medical surveillance of employees.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-76-33-34-431; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Industrial-plants; Air-quality-measurement; Electrolysis; Air-contamination; Aluminum-industry; Airborne-particulates; Metallic-dusts; Respirable-dust; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Foundry-practice; Inorganic-gases; Author Keywords: Total Particulate; Nuisance Particulate; Aluminum Oxide
CAS No.
1344-28-1; 1344-75-8; 1344-28-1; 630-08-0; 7446-09-5; 7664-41-7
Publication Date
19770901
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1977
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-161277
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HHE-76-33-34-431
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3334
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
WV; OH
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