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HHE determination report no. HHE-77-31-432, Inland Steel Corporation, East Chicago, Indiana, 46312.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 77-31-432, 1977 Oct; :1-23
A Health Hazard Evaluation investigation was conducted by NIOSH on January 17-20 and May 25-26, 1977, in the Pickling and Chipping Dock of the Inland Steel Corporation, East Chicago, Indiana, a facility involved in removal of defects from steel billets and blooms before being processed in a rolling mill (SIC-3312). The survey was prompted by a request from an authorized employee representative regarding exposures of approximately 70 affected workers to crystalline silica (7631869), lead (7439921), sulfuric-acid (7664939) and contaminants released from abrasive grinding operations. Environmental sampling revealed excessive lead exposure when lead containing steel was cut with an oxyacetylene torch. The airborne concentrations of all other contaminants were not potentially toxic, a finding supported by the lack of complaints and symptoms. Review of medical questionnaires revealed previous symptomatic conditions (respiratory irritation, eye irritation, dermatitis and dental anomalies) compatible with exposure to sulfuric-acid. Recommendations are made for maintaining a safe and healthful work environment.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-77-31-432; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Industrial-plants; Steel-industry; Chemical-cleaning; Metalworking-industry; Air-quality-measurement; Air-contamination; Heavy-metals; Silica-dusts; Inorganic-acids; Author Keywords: crystalline silica; quartz; cristobalite; total particulate; sulfuric acid; iron oxide; lead; copper; manganese; nickel; chromium; zirconium; hafnium; phenol; formaldehyde
7631-86-9; 7439-92-1; 7664-93-9
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division