The industrial environment - its evaluation and control, 3rd edition. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 74-117, 1973 Jan; :503-509
The defense mechanisms of the skin are described. Causes of occupational dermatitis are discussed, including: keratin solvents, fat and oil solvents, protein precipitants, reducers, keratin stimulants, sensitizers, photosensitivity, mechanical trauma, heat, cold, sunlight, radiation, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Prevention of occupational skin disease may be accomplished by engineering controls, personal hygiene, protective clothing, and barrier-creams.