Antagonistic activity of poly (4-Vinylpyridine-N-oxide) to the inhibition of viral interferon induction by asbestos fibres.
Hahon-N; Booth-JA; Eckert-HL
Br J Ind Med 1977 May; 34(2):119-125
The effects of poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) on the inhibition of viral interferon (9008111) induction by asbestos fibers was studied as a contribution to the chemoprophylaxis against the biological effects of asbestos (1332214). The depressive activity of both serpentine - Canadian and Rhodesian chrysotiles (12001295) - and amphibole - amosite (12172735), crocidolite (12001284), and anthophyllite (17068789) - asbestos fibers on interferon induction by influenza virus was significantly diminished or abolished completely when either asbestos fibers or LLC-MD-2 cell monolayers were pretreated with poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide). Maximal antagonistic activity of the polymer was time and concentration dependent. Pretreating asbestos fibers with the polymer was more rapid and effective in encouraging viral interferon synthesis than pretreating cell monolayers. Virus multiplication in the presence of asbestos fiber treated cell monolayers attained a twofold higher level than that noted in normal cell monolayers or those containing polymer pretreated asbestos fibers. These findings were related to the suppression of interferon production.
NIOSH-Author; Interaction; Silicates; Host-resistance; Carcinogens; Prophylaxis; Viruses; Influenza-virus; Polymers
9008-11-1; 1332-21-4; 12001-29-5; 12172-73-5; 12001-28-4; 17068-78-9
British Journal of Industrial Medicine