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Antagonistic activity of poly (4-Vinylpyridine-N-oxide) to the inhibition of viral interferon induction by asbestos fibres.

Authors
Hahon-N; Booth-JA; Eckert-HL
Source
Br J Ind Med 1977 May; 34(2):119-125
NIOSHTIC No.
00073965
Abstract
The effects of poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) on the inhibition of viral interferon (9008111) induction by asbestos fibers was studied as a contribution to the chemoprophylaxis against the biological effects of asbestos (1332214). The depressive activity of both serpentine - Canadian and Rhodesian chrysotiles (12001295) - and amphibole - amosite (12172735), crocidolite (12001284), and anthophyllite (17068789) - asbestos fibers on interferon induction by influenza virus was significantly diminished or abolished completely when either asbestos fibers or LLC-MD-2 cell monolayers were pretreated with poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide). Maximal antagonistic activity of the polymer was time and concentration dependent. Pretreating asbestos fibers with the polymer was more rapid and effective in encouraging viral interferon synthesis than pretreating cell monolayers. Virus multiplication in the presence of asbestos fiber treated cell monolayers attained a twofold higher level than that noted in normal cell monolayers or those containing polymer pretreated asbestos fibers. These findings were related to the suppression of interferon production.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Interaction; Silicates; Host-resistance; Carcinogens; Prophylaxis; Viruses; Influenza-virus; Polymers
CODEN
BJIMAG
CAS No.
9008-11-1; 1332-21-4; 12001-29-5; 12172-73-5; 12001-28-4; 17068-78-9
Publication Date
19770501
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1977
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0007-1072
NIOSH Division
ALOSH
Source Name
British Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division