A review of health studies of U.S. uranium miners is presented. The primary radiation hazard in uranium mines is alpha radiation which is delivered to the lungs by radon-222 (10043922) and its short- lived daughters. The appearance of lung cancer among uranium miners has been studied and found to be excessive. The cell type distribution of these cancers of uranium miners is different from that of the general population. Calculation of radiation dosage to the lungs of miners is difficult. General dilution ventilation is the primary method of controlling the radiation hazard, but it has limitations. Radiation exposure of uranium miners has gradually been reduced.
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