Reliability and utilization of occupational disease data.
NIOSH 1977 Jun; :1-159
A model disease surveillance system is described in detail and compared with existing systems and related sources and techniques used in the United States and other countries in order to provide better surveillance tools for monitoring occupationally related diseases. Recommendations for changes of the existing system in the United States include developing a list of specific reportable diseases, inclusion in control regulations of criteria for determining occupational disease, medical monitoring for exposed workers, reporting of all cases of reportable diseases, use of the existing reporting framework to compile and analyze the incidence of occupational disease separate from an annual survey of occupational injuries and similar to that used to monitor communicable diseases, inclusion of information such as availability of occupational health services and differences due to size and type of industry, and development of reports in a timely manner with initial focus on specific diseases. Examples are given of how the system might operate for two specific health problems - lead poisoning and hearing loss.
Information-systems; Occupational-health; Data-collection; Data-analysis; Information-processing; Health-statistics; Measurement-methods; Detection; Statistical-analysis; Statistical-quality-control; Control-measures; Statistics; Epidemiology; Disorders
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-189
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health