A survey of anesthetic health hazards among dentists.
Cohen EN; Brown BW Jr.; Bruce DL; Cascorbi HF; Corbett TH; Jones TW; Whitcher CE
J Am Dent Assoc 1975 Jun; 90(6):1291-1296
Measurable concentrations of waste anesthetic gases have been found in hospital dental operating rooms. A mail survey of 4,797 general dental practitioners and 2,642 oral surgeons indicated that 20.2 percent of the general practitioners and 74.8 percent of the oral surgeons had anesthetic exposures exceeding three hours per week. In the comparison of the health of individuals exposed or unexposed to inhalation anesthetics, there was a significant increase (78 percent) of spontaneous abortion in the spouses of exposed dentists and a significant increase (156 percent) in liver disease for exposed dentists. It is considered prudent to reduce exposure to waste anesthetic gases to as low a level as possible by applying those scavenging techniques available and to give priority to thy rapid development of more efficient scavenging systems for use in dental surgery.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-73-0073; Medical-personnel; Health-science-personnel; Toxic-gases; Reproductive-system-disorders; Liver-disorders; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Control-measures; Surveys; Hazards
Ellis N.Cohen, MD, Stanford University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305
The Journal of the American Dental Association