Working conditions, job satisfaction and CHD risk.
Shirom-A; Eden-D; Kellermann-JJ; French-JR Jr.
NIOSH 1976 Dec; :1-172
Job stresses, affective strains, and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors were studied in an urban sample of 1000 male business managers in Israel and a sample of 1633 male members of kibbutzim. Job stresses include role conflict, role ambiguity, overload, underparticipation, poor peer relations, and intrinsic-extrinsic rewards; affective strains included job dissatisfaction, marital dissatisfaction, anxiety, and psychosomatic complaints; and CHD risk factors included cholesterol, blood pressure, heart rate, glucose, uric-acid, smoking, obesity, lack of physical activity, and physical working capacity. The various risk factors were combined into multivariate CHD risk functions to provide an estimate of an individual's likelihood of developing CHD. Among healthy managers the mean risk function in the urban sample did not differ from the kibbutz sample. However, in a sub-group of managers in manufacturing plants there was a tendency for kibbutz managers to have slightly higher risk of CHD. In both manufacturing and services the kibbutz managers showed significantly higher job dissatisfaction and marital dissatisfaction. With regard to job stresses the kibbutz managers, compared to the urban managers, were higher on role ambiguity, overload, poor peer relations, and participation. It was found that in both the urban and kibbutz managers stress has major effects on strain regardless of the level of instrinsic rewards. (Grant No. R01-OH-00423)
NIOSH-Grant; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Sociological-factors; Psychological-factors; Hazards; Psychological-stress; Mental-stress; Physiological-response; Supervisory-personnel; White-collar-workers; Environment; Ergonomics
Center for Group Dynamics University of Michigan Institute for Social Res Ann Arbor, Mich 48106
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Final report to NIOSH for the period May 1, 1974 - September 30, 1975, NIOSH Grant No. R01-OH-00423, 172 pages, 123 references
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan