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Criteria for a recommended standard... occupational exposure to refined petroleum solvents.
Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-192, 1977 Jul; :1-255
Recommended standard regarding occupational exposure of employees to petroleum ether, rubber solvent, varnish makers' and painter's naphtha, mineral spirits, Stoddard solvents and kerosene in the work place, designed to protect the health and provide for the safety of workers for up to a 10 hour work shift, 40 hour workweek, over a working life. The main topics covered are: biologic effects of exposure, including human and animal toxicity, epidemiology, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and effects on reproduction; environmental data and engineering controls, including sampling and analysis, environmental levels and engineering for sampling and analysis. It is emphasized that benzene, an established leukemogenic agent, is present in small amounts in many refined petroleum solvents and is recommended that every effort should be made to keep benzene (71432) exposure as low as possible. Also, eye, nose and throat irritation, dermatitis, and nervous system disorders have been identified in workers exposed to some refined petroleum solvents.
NIOSH-Criteria-Document; Petroleum-distillates; Organic-solvents; Exposure-limits; Air-quality-control; Safety-standards; Control-measures; Preventive-medicine; Safety-practices; Toxicology; Air-sampling; Analytical-methods; Aromatic-hydrocarbons
Numbered Publication; Criteria Document
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-192; Contract-099-74-0031
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Stanford Research Institute
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division