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Plant Observation Report and Evaluation (PORE) for Carbon Disulfide.
NIOSH 1977 Feb:4 pages
Report on the use of carbon-disulfide (75150) in the manufacture of sodium-cellulose-xanthate at the American Enka Company, Lowland, Tennessee. The process involves cellulose steeping in sodium- hydroxide (1310732) which yields alkali cellulose, grinding of the cellulose into crumbs, pre-aging of cellulose by exposing to oxygen in the air which leads to depolymerization, and xanthation which is achieved by adding carbon-disulfide to the alkali cellulose. Subsequent steps include dissolving, ripening, filtration, spinning, cutting, washing, drying and baling. Steps to inform employees about safety are described, and the need for having pre-employment examination is discussed. Safety and work practices at the American Enka Company are detailed. (Contract No. 099-74-0031)
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-74-0031; Carbon-disulfide; Toxic-substances; Solvents; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Work-areas; Medical-examinations; Rayon; Fibers; Textiles-industry;
Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, California, NIOSH Contract No. 099-74-0031, 4 pages
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division