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Evaluation of occupational hazards from industrial radiation: a survey of selected states.
Cohen-SC; Kinsman-S; Maccabee-HD
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-142, 1976 Dec; :1-90
The occupational hazards from industrial ionizing radiation sources are evaluated from 10 state radiological control offices and a commercial dosimetry service. The 10 states, California, Colorado, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Texas, contain approximately 50 percent of the industrial x-ray facilities, 45 percent of the accelerators (medical and non-medical), and 90 percent of the industrial radium facilities in the entire United States. Hazards were assessed by an analysis of reported incidents, inspections and citations, and cause of incidents, although less than one incident per year per state were reported and, confirmed. The frequency of inspections of x-ray facilities, approximately once every seven years, was comparable to that of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in regulating radioactive materials, with an average of one citation per inspection. The mean whole body exposure from x-ray sources was less than one half that of workers in nuclear reactors licensed by the NRC, whereas the mean exposure to workers using radium (7440144) sources was roughly of the same magnitude. Although the effectiveness of state programs in regulating these sources appears generally comparable to that of the NRC in regulating radioactive materials, the evaluation of hazards is possibly severely constrained by limitations in the availability of data. Recommendations are given concerning accurate and uniform reporting methods, a training manual for operators that includes safety considerations, unannounced inspections, unreported incidents and unregistered facilities. (Contract No. 210-75-0071)
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0071; Radiation-hazards; Radiation-control; Evaluations; Radiation-sources; Radiation-facilities; Radiation-exposure;
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-142; Contract-210-75-0071
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
CA; CO; IL; LA; MD
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division