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HHE determination report no. HHE-75-150-378, Reinell Boats, Inc., Poplar Bluff, Missouri.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 75-150-378, 1977 Apr; :1-53
A Health Hazard Evaluation investigation consisting of a combined environmental-medical study encompassing an initial survey and two follow up evaluations, was conducted by NIOSH at the Reinell Boats plant (SIC-3732), Poplar Bluff, Missouri, a facility engaged in the manufacture of fiberglass boats, between November 1975 and April 1976. An authorized employee representative requested the investigation for worker exposure to chemicals causing eye burning, nose and throat irritation, headaches and respiratory irritation. A total of 22 affected workers employed in lamination were evaluated through questionnaires and physical examination and 27 more were interviewed and examined. Environmental assessment was accomplished by measuring airborne exposures to organic vapors, methylene- bisphenyl-isocyanate, and compounds containing cobalt (7440484); observing work practices; and evaluating spray booth ventilation. In the lamination areas, the workers were primarily exposed to styrene (100425), with less significant exposure to acetone (67641) and methylene-chloride (75092). A toxic exposure to workers was identified in the lamination areas, manifested by a marked increase of upper respiratory irritation symptoms. Respiratory function tests of smokers employed in lamination revealed increased incidence of reduced maximum mid-expiratory flow rate values. There was also evidence of dermatitis related to direct contact with solvents in lamination workers. Recommendations are made for medical and environmental control of conditions at this plant.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; HHE-75-150-378; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-7; Air-quality-measurement; Toxic-chemicals; Industrial-plants; Eye-irritation; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Toxicology; Preventive-medicine; Control-measures; Chlorinated-methanes; Heavy-metals; Air-sampling; Skin-disorders; Cyanates; Ketones; Author Keywords: organic vapors; methylene bisphenyl isocyanate; cobalt; styrene; upper respiratory irritation; pulmonary function; dermatitis
7440-48-4; 100-42-5; 67-64-1; 75-09-2
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division