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Mortality experience of a cohort of cotton textile workers.

Daum S; Seidman H; Heiman H; Richter E; Selikoff IJ
Department of Community Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York 1975 Mar; :1-36
Examination of mortality experience in a cohort of textile workers who worked for three consecutive years at four specific cotton textile mills shows that except for a moderate increase in death from emphysema and bronchitis among women textile workers with more than 20 years of cotton textile work, there is no suggestion of an increase over expected of total mortality in this cohort compared to the general population of their state of residence. Many of the mortality ratios observed are higher than 0.8 and some higher than 1. An increase in mortality, may be present especially in the earlier periods of observation, when the population was employed and was expected to have observed mortality substantially better than that of the general population. However, there is no pattern of worsening mortality experience with increasing length of exposure to cotton textile mill atmosphere or length of observation of the cohort for twenty and more years past the onset of their exposure. It is still possible that longer observation of this group may show an increased mortality, although it is relatively unlikely that any increase would be of a magnitude sufficient to be considered a public health problem. (Contract No. 099-72-0071)
NIOSH-Publication; Contract-099-72-0071; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Cotton-industry; Chronic-obstructive-lung-disease; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-emphysema; Lung-cancer; Chronic-bronchitis; Occupational-health; Industrial-hygiene; Sex-factors; Age-factors; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Epidemiology
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Final Contract Report
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Department of Community Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York
Page last reviewed: January 28, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division