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HHE determination report no. HHE-76-24-350, Dana Corporation, Tipton, Illinois.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 76-24-350, 1976 Dec; :1-24
An evaluation of employee exposure to chlorinated solvent vapors generated at 3 degreaser operations was conducted at the Dana Corporation (SIC-3429, SIC-3711), based on the determination of airborne exposure levels of trichloroethylene and 1,1,1- trichloroethane (71556) and on medical data yielded by health questionnaires. The results show that the open-detrex and manpro degreaser operators are exposed to solvent levels of trichloroethylene (79016) exceeding the ceiling values. The exposure of the valve-guide operator to 1,1,1-trichloroethane was found to be nontoxic. Limited air monitoring of the solvents at the work areas around the respective degreasing operations failed to reveal the presence of toxic concentrations, although complaints of occasional nausea indicate possible toxic exposure during the summer months. Two cancer deaths could not be attributed to the exposure of the workers to trichloroethylene. Recommendations are made for control of employee exposure to trichloroethylene.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; HHE-76-24-350; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Air-quality-measurement; Air-contamination; Occupational-health; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Chlorinated-ethylenes; Exposure-limits; Industrial-chemicals; Toxic-chemicals; Industrial-processes; Chlorinated-ethanes; Control-measures; Breathing-zone; Toxicology; Author Keywords: chlorinated solvent vapors; trichloroethylene; 1,1,1-trichloroethane
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: December 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division