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Nonlinear behavior of the human intervertebral disc under axial load.
Kulak-RF; Belytschko-TB; Schultz-AB; Galante-JO
J Biomech 1976 Jan; 9(6):377-386
The nonlinear, rate-independent behavior of human intervertebral discs is studied with a finite element model which incorporates a nonlinear elastic constitutive relation for the annulus fibrosis. The elastic coefficients and a nonlinear constitutive parameter for the annulus fibrosis were obtained by matching experimental results for the disc's load-deflection behavior. The axisymmetric finite element model includes the annulus, end plates, portions of the vertebral bodies and an incompressible nucleus pulposus. Results for annulus bulging, internal pressures, and response variations due to level-to-level changes in geometry are in agreement with available experimental data. It is shown that there are marked differences in the compressive behavior of lumbar and thoracic discs. In addition, two types of degeneration, one characterized by annular tears, the other by a desiccated nucleus, are studied.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Spinal-column; Skeletal-system; Mechanical-properties; Elastic-properties; Elastic-deformation; Stress-strain-mechanism; Biodynamics
Materials Engineering University of Illinois Dept of Materials Engr, Bx4348 Chicago, Ill 60680
Issue of Publication
Journal of Biomechanics
University of Illinois Chicago Circle, Chicago, Illinois
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division