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Neoplasia in the wood and pulp industry.
Milham S Jr.
Ann NY Acad Sci 1976 May; 271(1):294-300
An occupational mortality analysis is made of men working in the wood products industry (loggers, pulp and paper millworkers, plywood millworkers and sawmill workers) from the records of nearly 300,000 deaths filed in Washington State from 1950 to 1971. Loggers are shown to have excess mortality in cancer of the stomach and prostate and in leukemia. Professional foresters are shown to have excess mortality for cancer of digestive organs, peritoneum, respiratory tract, lymphatic system and hematopoietic tissue. Mill workers have excess mortality in cancer of the small intestine and of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissues, stomach, testis and pancreas. Carpenters have excess mortality in stomach cancer and leukemia. The data are interpreted to mean that the work environments in the wood products industry contain carcinogens. Differences between these data and those from England suggest a possibility due to the type of wood. Also, the excess gastric cancer suggests that the wood particles are ingested or inhaled and swallowed. The hematopoietic cancer suggests that physical and chemical breakdown products of wood may be carcinogenic.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Toxic-substances; Paper-manufacturing-industry; Pulp-industry; Blood-disorders; Hematopoietic-system; Lymphatic-system-disorders; Lymphatic-cancer; Intestinal-cancer; Respiratory-system-disorders; Epidemiology; Hazards; Forestry
Samuel Milham, Jr, Washington State Department of Social and Health Services, Olympia, Washington 98504
Issue of Publication
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
Page last reviewed: September 11, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division