NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Cancer mortality patterns associated with exposure to metals.
Milham S Jr.
Ann NY Acad Sci 1976 May; 271(1):243-249
Mortality patterns are described for individual occupations with metal exposures, such as boilermakers, copper smelter workers, machinists, metal molders, plumbers, structural metal workers, sheetmetal workers, aluminum mill workers, welders, and tool and die makers. Of the ten occupational groups, all showed increases in respiratory cancer proportionate mortality ratios (PMR). Boilermakers, plumbers, structural metal workers, and welders show PMR elevations for bladder cancer. Machinists, plumbers, and structural metal workers show excesses for cancer of the tongue. Pancreatic cancer and lymphoma show an increase in aluminum mill workers, particularly potroom workers who are exposed to coal-tar pitch derivatives.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-74-0026; Respiratory-system-disorders; Oropharynx-disorders; Polynuclear-compounds; Metalworking-industry; Mortality-data; Carcinogens; Metals; Hydrocarbons
Issue of Publication
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division