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Special problems of lead in women workers.
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium, Carnow BW, ed. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-134, 1976 Feb; :39-49
Data from several previously published studies are assembled to show the effects of lead (7439921) exposure in women. Women workers may be more susceptible to lead toxicity than men, and they develop more central nervous system manifestations than men. The incidence percentage for convulsions and blindness is greater among women than men. Also, lead may affect the reproductive capacities in women since incidence of miscarriage is greater among occupationally exposed women workers. Lead is found to cross the placenta in experimental animals and may affect developmental growth and behavior of newborns. Compounds used in therapy may have potentiating toxic effects. In experimental studies, lead is found to potentiate the toxic effects of lithium (7439932) on the fetal liver, as well as Chang human liver cell cultures. It is considered important to establish a low safe level for lead in the industrial environment which will protect both men and women in the work place during their reproductive years.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0026; Sex-factors; Toxic-substances; Liver-disorders; Drugs; Heavy-metals; Nervous-system-disorders; Reproductive-system-disorders; Eye-disorders; Hazards; Vision-disorders; Exposure-limits; Growth-inhibition; Neonatal-growth; Growth-disorders; Developmental-disorders; Drugs-interaction; Lead-poisoning
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium.
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division