Epidemiology of lead exposure among occupational groups.
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium, Carnow BW, ed. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-134, 1976 Feb; :110-113
The epidemiology studies presented in the 1972 NIOSH Criteria Document on Inorganic Lead are briefly reviewed. The most consistent long term effects of lead (7439921) presented in these studies involve renal damage. A recent mortality study of workers exposed to lead in smelters and battery plants also provides evidence of kidney damage caused by lead. Other chronic effects of lead suggested include carcinogenic effects involving the digestive and respiratory systems and hypertensive diseases. Areas of future research needs include chronic effects due to lead, effects of lead upon fetal development, and interactions between lead and other chemicals.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0026; Toxic-substances; Long-term-exposure; Carcinogenicity; Battery-manufacturing-industry; Kidney-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Chronic-toxicity; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Cancer; Hypertension
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium.