The design of the lead standard - focus of more attention on worker needs.
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium, Carnow BW, ed. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-134, 1976 Feb; :192-195
An evaluation is presented of the design of the lead (7439921) standard, with special emphasis to workers in industries associated with lead hazards, including storage battery workers, workers in brass foundries, cable makers, electronic industry workers, welders and cutters, scrap metal workers and others. The OSHA standards are criticized on the basis that they are job related and not worker related, meaning that the threshold limit values are based upon time weighted averages that assume an 8-hour day, while many workers often work 10 or 12 hours daily. The standard recommended by NIOSH provides for a threshold limit value of 0.150 milligrams of lead per cubic meter of air, the same as prior to 1958, although other countries specify for much lower levels.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0026; Toxicology; Metal-poisoning; Heavy-metals; Lead-poisoning; Exposure-limits; Air-quality-control; Control-measures; Safety-standards; Environmental-control; Occupational-health
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium.