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Community exposure studies and smelter worker mortality studies as related to a copper smelter.
Milham S Jr.
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium, Carnow BW, ed. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 76-134, 1976 Feb; :300-305
Studies in Tacoma, Washington, were conducted to investigate arsenic (7440382) exposure in children living near a copper smelter and to test the Lee-Fraumeni hypothesis that copper smelter workers have increased incidence of respiratory cancer. Community exposure studies showed increased arsenic levels in hair and urine of children residing near the smelter. Urinary arsenic levels decreased as residential distance from the smelter increased. Younger children were found to have higher levels of urinary arsenic than older children. Worker mortality studies showed that smelter workers have increased mortality from respiratory cancer. No other causes of death showed a statistically significant excess mortality.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-75-0026; Toxicology; Primary-industrial-processes; Industrial-emission-sources; Arsenic-poisoning; Metal-poisoning; Heavy-metals; Lung-cancer; Epidemiology; Body-burden; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-health
Health effects of occupational lead and arsenic exposure, a symposium.
WA; IL; OH
Page last reviewed: December 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division