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HHE determination report no. HHE-75-190-314, B-W Footwear Company, Inc. Webster, Massachusetts.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 75-190-314, 1976 Jul; :1-11
Measurements were performed in the air of a shoe producing plant (SIC-3143, SIC-3144) in order to determine the degree of exposure of employees to organic vapors emanating from materials used in cementing, spraying, and staining (SIC-3149) of shoes. Methyl-ethyl- ketone (78933) concentrations measured in adhesive applicators' breathing zones were greater than the safe exposure levels. Individual concentrations measured in other employee breathing zones were not considered to be unsafe, although on the basis of the threshold values for mixtures there was considerable unwarranted exposure. Other solvents involved included hexane (110543), acetone (67641), ethyl-acetate (141786), isopropanol (67630), ethanol (64175), toluene (108883), methyl-isobutyl-ketone (108101), and butyl-acetate (123864). Medical questionnaires indicated that a number of workers experienced light headedness, eye irritation, nose and throat irritation, dry hands and even epistaxis. Recommendations are made for local exhaust system at specific work sites, as well as suitable hand protection by means of gloves.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; HHE-75-190-314; Region-1; Hazard-Confirmed; Organic-solvents; Shoe-factories; Industrial-plants; Industrial-hygiene; Air-quality-control; Exposure-limits; Control-measures; Toxicology; Air-quality-measurement; Nasal-disorders; Author Keywords: Volatile Organic Compounds; Shoes; Cementing; Spraying; Staining
78-93-3; 110-54-3; 67-64-1; 141-78-6; 67-63-0; 64-17-5; 108-88-3; 108-10-1; 123-86-4
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
3143; 3144; 3149
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division