Osteonecrosis associated with metabolic disease and corticosteroid therapy.
Dysbarism-related osteonecrosis: proceedings of a symposium on dysbaric osteonecrosis. Beckman EL, Elliott DH, eds. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-153, 1974 Jan; :91-101
Persons employed in deep-diving activities, hyperbaric-chamber operations, or compressed-air work are subject to dysbaric osteonecrosis. But there are certain other systemic and metabolic abnormalities associated with nontraumatic osseous avascular necrosis that likewise cause disabling juxta-epiphyseal lesions and asymptomatic metadiaphyseal lesions that are virtually indistinguishable from those of dysbaric osteonecrosis. However, once an individual has been exposed to dysbaric phenomena, any lesion that subsequently develops will unfortunately be attributed to the occupational exposure. Applicants who have conditions associated with nontraumatic osteonecrosis, as well as previous dysbaric exposure, should be thoroughly evaluated during the preemployment examination. Many of these disturbances are reviewed - alcoholism, gout, hypercortisonism, hemoglobinopathies, earlier injuries, and occlusive vascular disease - all of which can be found in an otherwise healthy population of working men.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.