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Absorption, distribution and excretion of terephthalic acid and dimethyl terephthalate.
Moffit AE Jr.; Clary JJ; Lewis TR; Blanck MD; Perone VB
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1975 Aug; 36(8):633-641
Data from a radioactive tracer study in rabbits and rats to determine the absorption, distribution, and excretion of terephthalic-acid (TA) (100210) and dimethyl-terephthalate (DMT) (120616) following oral, intratracheal, dermal and ocular administration indicate the following: a rapid absorption and excretion of carbon-14-TA and carbon-14-DMT with no evidence of tissue accumulation in rats following single or repeated oral and intratracheal administration; no evidence of skin irritation in rats after a single or repeated dermal application of 80 milligrams of carbon-14-TA or carbon-14-DMT and no significant skin absorption of carbon-14-TA; recovery of approximately 11 percent of a single dose and 13 percent of five repeated cutaneous doses of carbon-14-DMT from the urine and feces of rats within 10 days after initial dosing; no significant absorption of carbon-14-TA when applied to the conjunctival sac of one eye of eight rabbits; excretion of approximately 33 percent of a single ocular dose (50 milligram) of carbon-15-DMT in the urine and feces of rabbits within 10 days after instillation with no evidence of tissue accumulation or ocular damage. These results suggest that TA and DMT are rapidly absorbed and excreted and that no significant quantities of these compounds accumulate in the tissues following single or repeated oral, intratracheal, dermal, or ocular administration to laboratory animals.
NIOSH-Author; Phthalic-acids; Phthalates; Toxic-substances; Radioactive-isotopes; Metabolism
Issue of Publication
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Page last reviewed: December 4, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division