Safety program practices in high versus low accident rate companies - an interim report (questionnaire phase).
Cohen A; Smith M; Cohen HH
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-185, 1975 Jun; :1-180
Description of the questionnaire phase of a project seeking to define whether there are distinguishable differences in safety program practices and other related factors in work establishments with low accident rates versus similar companies with high accident rates. Paired establishments were drawn from 6 industries, namely: food and kindred products; wood products; paper products; primary metals; fabricated metals; and machinery manufacture. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed on the questionnaire data of the 42 pairs of high and low accident companies to isolate any differences in their responses to items dealing with management commitment to safety, motivational approaches to worker safety, job safety training, nature of hazard control practice, accident investigation and reporting procedures, and make-up of production work force. Conclusions regarding distinctive factors in plants having successful safety preformance were deferred until the completion of the site visit phase.
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