Pilot study for development of an occupational disease surveillance method.
Discher-DP; Kleinman-GD; Foster-FJ
Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-162, 1975 May; :1-169
A pilot study to determine the usefulness of a survey method for obtaining data on occupational disease was conducted among workers in selected small industries in Oregon and Washington. Over 1,100 medical conditions were found among 908 participants: probable occupational, 31 percent; probable nonoccupational, 45 percent; doubtful occupational or can't evaluate, 14 percent; and suggestive history, 10 percent. Of 346 cases of probable occupational disease, hearing loss was most frequent, 28 percent; then skin, 18; lower respiratory conditions, 14; toxic and low grade toxic effects and nonsymptomatic conditions (mainly elevated blood lead) (7439921), 14; upper respiratory conditions, 11 percent; and eye conditions, 9 percent. Anemia, diseases of the musculoskeletal and connective tissues and other conditions accounted for the remaining 6 percent. Of the 908 workers participating in the medical survey, 258 workers were found with 346 cases of probable occupational disease, for a prevalence rate of 28.4 per 100 workers. Occupational exposures were determined for all workers in the survey. Those known to have been exposed to poorly controlled hazards had a higher prevalence rate.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-72-0069; Diagnostic-tests; Test-methods; Preventive-medicine; Respiratory-system-disorders; Skin-disorders; Lead-poisoning; Eye-disorders; Vision-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Blood-disorders; Connective-tissue-disorders; Epidemiology; Toxicity
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-162; Contract-099-72-0069
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of Washingtion