NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Carbon monoxide and human functions.
Behavioral Toxicology: Early Detection of Occupational Hazards. Xintaras C, Johnson BL, De Groot I, eds., Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (NIOSH) 74-126, 1974 Jan; :292-305
A study is made of some basic aspects of carbon-monoxide (630080) uptake by the human body and the toxic effects of the gas on the organs, especially brain and heart, after a review of literature on subjects exposed to various concentrations of the gas. The peripheral vision impairment by the gas is studied by a visual testing of 15 young adult non-smokers exposed to the gas. The response latency at each light position, and the corresponding number of stimuli are the two behavioral measures used in evaluating the effects of the gas on visual fields. Results show that in addition to being a depressant of the central nervous system, carbon- monoxide chooses the peripheral receptors as a site of action, even at low level exposures.
NIOSH-Grant; Toxic-gases; Nervous-system-disorders; Physiological-effects; Psychological-effects; Brain-disorders
Preventive Medicine Stanford University Sch of Med Stanford, Calif 94305
Xintaras-C; Johnson-BL; De Groot-I
Behavioral Toxicology: Early Detection of Occupational Hazards
Stanford University, Stanford, California
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division