A comprehensive evaluation of research needs for development of criteria for recommended standards for the design of packages and containers is reported, including a review of pertinent literature, determination of research gaps, and recommendations of actions necessary to fill such gaps. It was ascertained that there are not sufficient data available for the formulation of reliable standards related to container design, labeling, and handling. Loosely formulated standards would not be protective, would be unenforceable, and could lead to alienation between governmental agencies, labor, and management. Purposeful and accelerated research and the production of draft standards in design of packages and containers for safe handling are proposed. An article entitled "What Does Packaging Really Cost?" (Modern Packaging, 1972) is attached.