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Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-72-84-31, Dunham-Bush, Inc., West Hartford, Connecticut.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 72-84-31, 1973 Mar; :1-73
Environmental survey, biological sampling, and medical evaluation of workers in a pump room, and in brazing and silver (7440224) soldering, spray painting, welding, grit blasting, and polyurethane foam (9009545) filling operations in a metal fabrication plant, indicating potentially hazardous exposure to environmental contaminants, including: trichloroethylene (79016) (from vapor degreasers), methylene chloride, toluene-2,4-diisocyanate, and fumes of cadmium (7440439), zinc oxide (1314132), copper (7440508), ultraviolet radiation and infrared radiation, and silver metal and soluble compounds. Noise is found to be above permissible exposure levels. Symptoms include burning or itching eyes, tiredness, heart palpitations, cough, weakness, dizziness, changes in skin color, interaction with alcohol, nervousness and headache. Trichloroacetic acid (76039) and trichloroethanol (115208) metabolites are found in the urine. Recommendations include: provision and improvement of ventilation, use of respirators, noise abatement and hearing conservation, warning signs, shielding for welding, sanitation, engineering controls, personal protective equipment, first aid facilities, and trained first aid personnel.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Author; HHE-72-84-31; Region-1; Hazards-Confirmed; Toxic-substances; Organic-solvents; Metal-poisoning; Metal-oxides; Heavy-metals; Fume-fever; Synthetic-resins; Noise-control; Abrasive-dusts; Respirable-dust; Respiratory-system-disorders; Sensitization; Respiratory-protection; Metalworking; Oxidants; Author Keywords: trichloroethylene; degreaser; metal fabrication; urine specimen; noise
7440-22-4; 9009-54-5; 79-01-6; 7440-43-9; 1314-13-2; 7440-50-8; 76-03-9; 115-20-8
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division