The mortality of Appalachian coal miners, 1963 to 1971.
Ortmeyer CE; Costello J; Morgan WK; Swecker S; Peterson M
Arch Environ Health 1974 Aug; 29(2):67-72
The mortality rate of Appalachian coal miners and ex-miners previously studied for the prevalence of coal's workers pneumoconiosis was investigated according to the effects of pneumoconiosis, years spent underground, cigarette smoking and obstructive lung disease. For active miners, mortality was 7 percent less than the expected death rate of the general male population of the United States, while the mortality of ex-miners was 24 percent greater than expected. Complicated pneumoconiosis, cigarette smoking, and airway obstruction were associated with premature death or excess mortality.
NIOSH-Author; Respiratory-disorders; Chronic-obstructive-lung-disease; Age-factors; Epidemiology; Longevity; Survival
Archives of Environmental Health