NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Modeling of Enclosure Fires.
The Combustion Institute (Reprint from Fourteenth Symposium (International) On Combustion, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1972 Aug:1021-1030
An approximate modeling technique for enclosure fires is proposed and partially tested. The technique is based on the hypothesis that the combustion of a fuel pile in an enclosure, relative to the combustion of the same pile in open space (unconfined), depends on associated differences in the fluid mechanical properties and the chemical composition of the gas supply to the fire. Experiments available for testing the modeling technique do not satisfy the third and fourth conditions. Data on burning rates, selected gas species, oxygen (7782447), carbon-monoxide (630080), carbon-dioxide (124389), and overall fire behavior conform well with the modeling hypothesis. No discernable effects of fuel porosity are observed, but the scope of the experiments is too limited to allow a firm conclusion on porosity effects.
NIOSH-Grant; Confined-spaces; Ignition; Flammability-testing; Combustibility; Flammable-materials; Thermal-properties; Pyrolysis; Statistical-analysis; Heat-transfer;
7782-44-7; 630-08-0; 124-38-9;
The Combustion Institute (Reprint from Fourteenth Symposium (International) On Combustion, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division