Behavior of naive subjects during decompression: an evaluation of automatically presented passenger oxygen equipment.
Chisholm DM; Billings CE; Bason R
Aerosp Med 1974 Feb; 45(2):123-127
Behavioral analysis of reaction of unindoctrinated subjects exposed to simulated emergency rapid decompression, from 5,000 to 20,000 feet in an altitude chamber. The times required to notice, obtain, don, and breathe from automatically presented oxygen masks are compared to times used by experienced pilots. The data are interpreted as indicating two populations, rapid or slow reaction, with covert anxiety being a factor in emergency situations. The subject response is judged to affect the usefulness of the equipment, explicit instructions and possible warning systems being suggested as measures improving mask utilization.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Aerospace-medicine; Respiratory-protection; Respirators; Personal-protective-equipment; Training; Orientation; Psychological-responses; Physiological-responses; Emotional-stress; Sensory-perception-processes; Oxygen-masks; Reaction-time; Safety-devices; Human-engineering; Psychomotor-tests; Performance-tests
Preventive Medicine Dept of Preventive Medicine 410 West Tenth Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43210
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio