Carcinogenicity of amosite asbestos.
Selikoff-IJ; Hammond-EC; Churg-J
Arch Environ Health 1972 Sep; 25(3):183-186
Few data exist concerning the comparative neoplastic potential in man of the several kinds of asbestos. In particular, there has been no evidence concerning whether the amosite variety is carcinogenic. The matter is of practical importance, since amosite use in the United States has sharply increased. The mortality experience of a group of 230 men previously employed in an amosite asbestos factory was studied during the years 1960 through 1971. Total deaths were more than twice the number anticipated: 46.4 were expected, and 105 occurred. Some 14 deaths were due to asbestosis. Both lung cancer and mesothelioma were found in considerable excess. Two or three deaths from lung cancer were expected, and 25 occurred. There were five deaths from mesothelioma. Occupational exposure to amosite asbestos can be associated with serious cancer hazard; its continued industrial use requires rigorous control.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Epidemiology; Asbestos-fibers; South-Africa; Miners; Carcinogens; Mortality-studies; Low-level-exposure; MX8012019
Community Medicine MT Sinai School of Medicine Fifth Avenue and 100 Street New York, N Y 10029
Archives of Environmental Health
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York