Mining Program Strategic Plan, 2019-2023 - Overview: Burden, Need, and Impact
The following definitions are adapted from the NIOSH Strategic Plan.
Burden provides evidence of the health and safety and economic burden (or potential burden) of workplace risks and hazards. In considering these burden estimates, we also consider how well the burden evidence is assessed. Emerging issues, understudied populations, or hazards that would not have established burden due to their emerging nature, would have potential burden that can be described by many of the same parameters of established burden, such as potential for injury, illness, disability, and mortality.
Need helps define the knowledge gap that will be filled by the proposed research. It considers the comparative advantage NIOSH has over other research organizations and the unique resources NIOSH might have to respond to the research need. Need is where stakeholder needs are identified and addressed.
Impact is where we consider how well the research is conceived and likely to address the need. Impact or potential for impact helps us consider if the proposed research can create new knowledge, lead others to act on findings, promote practical intervention, adopt a new technology, develop evidence-based guidance, aid in standard setting, or promote other outcomes. Consideration of impact is where we look to see if the proposed research will likely lead to a decrease in worker injury, illness, disability or death, or enhance worker well-being.