MELAMINE

ICSC: 1154

2,4,6-Triamino-1,3,5-triazine
1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-triamine
Cyanurotriamide
C3H6N6 / C3N3(NH2)3
Molecular mass: 126.1
ICSC # 1154
CAS # 108-78-1
RTECS # OS0700000
October 12, 2006 Validated

TYPES OF HAZARD/ EXPOSURE

ACUTE HAZARDS/ SYMPTOMS

PREVENTION

FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING

FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. NO open flames. Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air. Prevent deposition of dust; closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
•INHALATION Fresh air, rest.
•SKIN Protective gloves. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
•EYES Safety spectacles. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible).
•INGESTION Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Rinse mouth.

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL

STORAGE

PACKAGING & LABELLING

Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place
ICSC: 1154 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.

MELAMINE

ICSC: 1154

I

M

P

O

R

T

A

N

T

D

A

T

A

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS TO WHITE CRYSTALS.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and irritating fumes including hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, and ammonia.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
MAK not established.

at: 3.16 g/kg(25);

INHALATION RISK:
A nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
When ingested in large amounts the substance may have effects on the kidneys and bladder, resulting in stone formation.

PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES

Decomposes at > 270 °C

Melting point (decomposes): > 345 °C
Density: 1574 kg/m3

Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 0.31
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 4.7 x 10-8 (negligible
Auto-ignition temperature: >500°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.14

ENVIRONMENTAL
DATA

N O T E S

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

ICSC: 1154 MELAMINE
(C) IPCS, CEC, 1994
IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
Page last reviewed: July 22, 2015