collage of workers on the job

Data and Statistics

Identifying problems in traumatic injury research, as in much of public health, is driven by surveillance. Surveillance is “the ongoing collection, analysis and interpretation of health data in the process of describing and monitoring a health [injury] event.”* For occupational safety research, this refers to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on injuries, hazards, and exposures for identifying potential risk factors for further research, and for prevention planning and intervention evaluation.

* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [1988] Guidelines for Evaluating Surveillance Systems. MMWR 37 (S-5):1-18. May 6, 1988.

Bureau of Labor Statistics’ (BLS) Injuries, Illnesses and Fatalities Web siteexternal icon

BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI)external icon
CFOI is a national census of occupational injury fatalities, including self-employed workers, agricultural workers, and government employees. Developed and maintained by BLS, CFOI uses multiple sources of information (e.g., death certificates, OSHA reports, workers’ compensation data, police reports, and newspaper clippings). CFOI is a Federal/State cooperative program in which costs are shared. States provide data to BLS for inclusion in a national database and maintain their own State databases.

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program
The primary intent of this program is to provide interested users with access to the full text of hundreds of fatality investigation reports. This site also includes background on the FACE program-including the history of the program, a full description of the program, and contact information-as well as relevant links to other sites of interest. NIOSH FACE began in 1982. Participating states voluntarily notify NIOSH of traumatic occupational fatalities resulting from targeted causes of death that have included confined spaces, electrocutions, machine-related, falls from elevation, working youth, and logging.

State FACE Webpage
Since 1989, NIOSH has supported 22 states to conduct FACE investigations.  NIOSH currently funds 7 State FACE programs: California, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Washington.

CAIS: The Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS)
CAIS data tables provide results from multiple years of CAIS. These tables provide national estimates of demographics and nonfatal injuries for youth less than 20 years of age on U.S. farms and ranches.

OISPA: The Occupational Injury Surveillance of Production Agriculture (OISPA)
OISPA data tables provide results from multiple years of OISPA. These tables provide national and regional estimates of demographics and nonfatal occupational injuries for adults 20 years of age and older on U.S. farms and ranches.

NAWS: National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS)
The National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) is the only national level surveillance system providing case specific injury information for this population of mostly marginalized, underserved, and hard to reach workers. The NAWS includes information for hired crop workers on U.S. farms aged 14 years and older, regardless of worker documentation status.

Work-RISQS: Work-Related Injury Statistics Query System
Work-RISQS is an interactive system for obtaining national estimates (number of cases) and rates (number of cases per hours worked) for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments.

NIOSH collaborates with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commissionexternal icon to capture nonfatal work-related injuries and illnesses treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments by using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). The NEISS—Occupational Supplement (NEISS-Work) is the source of the data made available through Work-RISQS.

BLS Annual Survey Data

BLS SOII-Day Away From Work Casesexternal icon

Page last reviewed: September 24, 2019