Violence in the Workplace


July 1996
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 96-100

Logo for Violence in the Workplace

Current Intelligence Bulletin 57

Related Reading

AFSCME (American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees) and AFL-CIO [1995]. Hidden violence against women at work. Women in Public Service 5(fall):1–6

Alexander BH, Franklin GM, Wolf ME [1994]. The sexual assault of women at work in Washington State, 1980 to 1989. Am J Public Health 84:640–642.

Amandus HE [1994]. Status of NIOSH research on prevention of robbery-related intentional injuries to convenience store workers. In: questions and answers in lethal and non-lethal violence: proceedings of the Third Annual Workshop of the Homicide Research Working Group. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Amandus HE, Hunter RD, James E, Hendricks S [1995]. Reevaluation of the effectiveness of environmental designs to reduce robbery risk in Florida convenience stores. J Occup Environ Med 37(6):711–717.

Barab J [1995]. Workplace violence: how labor sees it. New Solutions, spring issue.

Bell CA [1991]. Female homicides in United States workplaces, 1980–1985. Am J Public Health 81:729–732.

Bell CA, Stout NA, Bender TR, Conroy CS, Crouse WE, Myers JR [1990]. Fatal occupational injuries in the United States, 1980 through 1985. JAMA 263(22):3047–3050.

Bensley L, Nelson N, Kaufman J, Silverstein B, Kalat J [1993]. Study of assaults on staff in Washington State Psychiatric Hospitals. Olympia, WA: State of Washington Department of Labor and Industries.

BJS [1994]. Criminal victimization in the United States, 1992: a national crime victimization survey report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ–145125, p. 79.

Block R, Felson M, Block C [1984]. Crime victimization rates for incumbents of 246 occupations. Sociol Soc Res 69:442–451.

Borwegen W [1995]. Violence as a preventable occupational hazard: a labor perspective. New Solutions, spring issue.

Bowie V [1989]. Coping with violence: a guide for the human services. Sydney, Australia: Karibuni Press.

Cabral R [1995]. Workplace violence: viable solutions under collective bargaining. New Solutions, spring issue.

Carmel C, Hunter M [1989]. Staff injuries from inpatient violence. Hosp Community Psychiatry 40:41–46.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1994]. Occupational injury deaths of postal workers—United States, 1980–1989. MMWR 43(32):587, 593–595.

Chapman SG [1986]. Cops, killers and staying alive: the murder of police officers in America. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Chelimsky E, Jordan FC, Russell LS, Strack JR [1979]. Security and the small business retailer. Washington, DC: National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, Department of Justice.

Civil Service Employees Association [1993]. A matter of life and death: worksite security and reducing risks in the danger zone. Albany, NY: Civil Service Employees Association, Inc.

Crime Prevention Division [1990]. Safety tips for the taxi driver and the for-hire vehicle driver. New York, NY: City of New York Police Department.

Crow W, Bull JL [1975]. Robbery deterrence: an applied behavioral science demonstration. La Jolla, CA: Western Behavioral Sciences Institute.

Erickson R [1991]. Convenience store homicide and rape. In: Convenience store security: report and recommendations. Alexandria, VA: National Association of Convenience Stores.

FBI [1992]. Killed in the line of duty: a study of selected felonious killings of law enforcement officers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Friedman RJ, Framer MB, Shearer DR [1988]. Early response to post-traumatic stress. EAP Digest, September/October issue.

Goetz RR, Bloom JD, Chenell SL, Moorhead JC [1991]. Weapons possession by patients in a university emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 20:8–10.

Goodman RA, Jenkins EL, Mercy JA [1994]. Workplace-related homicide among health care workers in the United States, 1980 through 1990. JAMA 272(21):1686–1688.

Hales T, Seligman P, Newman SC, Timbrook CL [1988]. Occupational injuries due to violence. J Occup Med 30:483–487.

Jama 100 years ago: assaults upon medical men [1992]. JAMA 267(22):2987.

Keep N, Gilbert P [1992]. California Emergency Nurses Association’s informal survey of violence in California emergency departments. J Emerg Nurs 18:433–442.

Lavoie FW, Carter GL, Danzi DF, Berg RL [1988]. Emergency department violence in United States teaching hospitals. Ann Emerg Med 17:1227–1233.

Levin PF, Hewitt JB, Misner ST [1992]. Female workplace homicides: an integrative research review. AAOHN J 40:229–236.

Lipscomb JA, Love CC [1992]. Violence toward health care workers: an emerging occupational hazard. AAOHN J 40:219–228.

Liss GM, Craig CA [1990]. Homicide in the workplace in Ontario: occupations at risk and limitations of existing data sources. Can J Public Health 81:10–15.

Lusk SL [1992]. Violence experienced by Nurse’s aides in nursing homes: an exploratory study. AAOHN J 40:237–241.

Mahoney BS [1991]. Victimization of Pennsylvania emergency department nurses in the line of duty [dissertation]. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University.

Nelson N [1995]. Violence in Washington workplaces, 1992. Olympia, WA: Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Technical report 39–1–1995.

Norris D [1990]. Violence against social workers: the implications for practice. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Office of the Attorney General [1991]. Study of safety and security requirements for “at-risk businesses.” Tallahassee, FL: Office of the Attorney General, State of Florida, Department of Legal Affairs.

Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services [1994]. Violence in the workplace, Oregon, 1988 to 1992: a special study of workers’ compensation claims caused by violent acts. Salem, OR: The Department Information Management Division.

Public Law 91–596: Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.

Reeves FL, Hall JA [1990]. Taxicab operators’ safety program. Atlanta, GA: Department of Public Safety, Bureau of Taxicabs and Vehicles for Hire.

Rowett CR [1986]. Violence in social work: a research study of violence in the context of local authority social work. Cambridge, England: University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology.

Safety Shields Task Force, Manitoba Taxicab Board [1990]. Report and recommendations: taxi safety shields. Manitoba, Canada: The Task Force.

Schreiber FB [1991]. 1991 national survey of convenience store crime and security. In: Convenience store security: report and recommendations. Alexandria, VA: National Association of Convenience Stores.

Seligman PJ, Newman SC, Timbrook CL, Halperin WE [1987]. Sexual assault of women at work. Am J Ind Med 12:445–450.

Shepherd E, ed. [1994]. Violence in health care: a practical guide to coping with violence and caring for victims. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Stout NA [1992]. Occupational injuries and fatalities among health care workers in the United States. Scand J Work Environ Health 18(Suppl 2):88–89.

Sullivan C, Yuan C [1995]. Workplace assaults on minority health and mental health care workers in Los Angeles. Am J Public Health 85(7):1011–1014.

Thomas JL [1992]. Occupational violent crime: research on an emerging issue. J Safety Res 23:55–62.

Toscano G, Windau J [1994]. The changing character of fatal work injuries. Monthly Labor Review 117(10):17–28.

Uchida CD, Brooks LW, Koper C [1987]. Danger to police during domestic encounters: assaults on Baltimore county police, 1984–1986. CJPR 2:357–371.

Zimmering FE, Zuehl J [1986]. Victim injury and death in urban robbery: a Chicago study. J Leg Studies 15(1):1–40.

Page last reviewed: June 6, 2014
Content source: