2008 Direct-Reading Exposure Assessment Methods (D.R.E.A.M.) Workshop

April 2009
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2009-133


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Workshop Agenda

Day 1 – November 13, 2008

Day 1 – November 13, 2008
Time Presentation/Speaker
7:00 – 8:00 A.M. Registration and Continental Breakfast
8:00 – 12:15 P.M. General Session
Christopher Coffey – Moderator
8:00 – 8:05 AM Welcome
Christine Branche, PhD
8:05 – 8:10 AM Introductory Remarks
John Howard, MD
8:10 – 8:15 AM Overview of Workshop
David Weissman, MD
8:15 – 9:00 AM Part I: Radiation detection in the 21st century- Basics, sources, applications and challenges
Part II: Impact of the Department of Homeland Security on
radiation detection
Morgan Cox
9:00 – 9:45 AM DRMs and what they mean to the worker
Jon Volkwein
James Weeks
9:45 – 10:30 AM Validation of Direct Reading Methods (and how NOT
to validate them)
Matthew Magnuson, PhD
10:30 – 10:45 AM ~ Break ~
10:45 – 11:05 AM Integration of activity through position
Peng-Yau (Eric) Wang, PhD
11:05 – 11:30 AM Experiences with Direct Reading Instruments for
Exposure Assessments
William Heitbrink, PhD
11:30 – 12:15 PM Issues Motivating the Collection of Occupational
Exposure Data
Stephen Rappaport, PhD
12:15 PM – 1:30 PM Lunch at the Hilton
Room assignments will be posted by session
Participants attend one of eight preselected breakout sessions by hazard: (1) Gas and Vapor; (2) Aerosols; (3) Ergonomics and Vibration; (4) Noise; (5) Radiation; (6) Biomonitoring and Surface Sampling
1:30 to 3:00 PM Concurrent Breakout Sessions by Hazard
(Each breakout session has developed its own detailed agenda, which is available in the back of this notebook. Times and topics will vary by session.)
3:00 to 3:15 PM ~ Break ~
3:15 to 5:00 PM Concurrent Breakout Sessions by Hazard


D.R.E.A.M. Workshop – Day 2 November 14, 2008

Day 2 November 14, 2008
Time Presentation/Speaker
7:00 – 8:00 AM ~ Breakfast (Bagels, Muffins and Danish) ~
8:00 – 11:30 AM Full Plenary Session
Designated Monitors and/or Rapporteurs from each hazard breakout session summarize the top research issues identified.
(10 minute presentation/20 minute discussion)
Christopher Coffey – Moderator
8:00 – 8:30 AM Gases and Vapors
Jay Snyder
Jason Ham
8:30 – 9:00 AM Aerosols
Martin Harper, PhD
Mark Methner
9:00 – 9:30 AM Ergonomics
Brian Lowe
Vern Anderson
9:30 – 10:00 AM Noise
Churci (Chuck) Kardous
Terri Pearce, PhD
10:00 – 10:30 AM Radiation
Jeri Anderson, PhD
Mark Hoover, PhD
10:30 – 11:00 AM Surface Sampling & Biomonitoring
John Snawder
Deborah Sammons
11:00 – 11:30 AM Wrap-up and Closing Remarks
11:30 AM Adjourn the Workshop


Day 1 – November 13, 2008
Hazard-Based Presentations and full group discussion

Session 1: Gas and Vapor

Jay Snyder Dr. Ted Zellers – Monitors
Jason Ham – Rapporteur


Dean R. Lillquist, PhD

  • History of OSHA’s use of direct reading instruments, the Agency’s current applications, and possible future directions.

Mark Spence

  • Experiences and needs for direct reading methods and instrumentation from a broad chemical producer’s perspective.

Mark Spence

  • Current direct readings instrumentation and anticipated future challenges and needs for the polyurethanes industry.

Rebecca Blackmon, PhD

  • Instrumentation for gas and vapor detection currently under development.

Ted Zellers, PhD

  • Development of the micro gas chromatograph.

Jay Snyder

  • Application of MEMs sensors currently under development to direct measurement instrumentation.
Topics of discussion:
  1. Identification/specificity
  2. Sensitivity/Quantification
  3. Emergency response gas monitors
  4. Specific NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) sector needs

Session 2: Aerosols

Monitors: Martin Harper (NIOSH), Pam Susi (CPWR)

Speaker/Title of Presentation:
  1. David Mark (Health & Safety Laboratory, UK) – European standard for direct-reading aerosol instruments
  2. Jon Volkwein (NIOSH) – The development of a personal dust monitor for coal mines
  3. Peter Görner (INRS, France) – Evaluating concentration of aerosol particles in occupational hygiene using optical particle counters
  4. Mike Brisson (SRS) – Real-time needs for beryllium particle detection
  5. Pam Susi (CWPR)/John Meeker (U of Michigan) – To be determined
  6. James Noll (NIOSH) – Reducing exposures to diesel particulate matter (DPM) using direct-reading instruments

Rapporteur: Terri Pearce (NIOSH)

Topics of discussion:
  1. Characterization
  2. Sizing of particles
  3. Validation
  4. Calibration
  5. Specific NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) sector needs

Session 3: Ergonomics and Vibration

Monitors: Brian Lowe (NIOSH), Rob Radwin (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Speaker/Title of Presentation:
  1. Brian Lowe/Rob Radwin – Overview of session
  2. Raymond W. McGorry (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety) – Examples of DRM applied for Musculoskeletal Disorder and MSD risk factor exposure assessment

Rapporteur: Vern Anderson (NIOSH)

Topics of discussion:
  1. The unique challenges of ergonomic hazards for DRM
  2. A working definition of DRM for ergonomics/MSDs (mechanical load on musculoskeletal system)
  3. The importance of DRM for MSD exposure assessment
  4. The advantages/disadvantages of existing instrumentation-based methods.
  5. Specific NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) sector needs

Session 4: Noise

Aim: The broad aim of this session is to seek stakeholder input in shaping a NIOSH research agenda for DRM as related to noise exposure in the workplace.

Monitors: Chuck Kardous (NIOSH) and Rob Brauch (Larson-Davis, AIHA) Rapporteur:

Speaker/Title of Presentation:
  1. Chucri A. Kardous (NIOSH) – Introduction And Brief Overview Of NIOSH Research
  2. Robert Brauch (Larson-Davis, AIHA) – Current Instrumentation And Future Developments
  3. John J. Earshen (Angevine Consultants, AIHA) – Noise Exposure Metrics
  4. John P. Seiler (MSHA) – A Historical Perspective On The Evaluation, Standardization And Certification Of Personal Noise Dosimeters
  5. G. Richard Price (Auditory Hazard Analysis) – Physiological Basis For Time-Domain Direct-Reading Noise Hazard Assessment
Topics of discussion:
  1. Establish a working definition of DRM for Noise
  2. Mixed or combined exposures
  3. Impulse/Impact noise DRM
  4. Worker empowerment
  5. Need for the testing, evaluation and certification of DRMs in the US
  6. Environmental factors in the use of DRMs
  7. Need for guidance/standard methodologies for use of DRMs
  8. Data management challenges
  9. Training and education

Session 5: Radiation

Monitors: Jeri Anderson and Mark D. Hoover (NIOSH), and Cynthia G. Jones (NRC)

Speaker/Title of Presentation:
  1. Mark L. Maiello (Wyeth Research) – Critical Issues for Direct-Reading Exposure Assessment Methods in the Pharmaceutical Industry
  2. Richard G. Hansen (National Security Technologies LLC) – Multidisciplinary Training Issues for Direct-Reading Exposure Assessment Methods

Rapporteur: Pam Drake (NIOSH)

  1. NIOSH role in radiation exposure assessment of workers in the context of other federal agencies: NRC, DHS, NIST, DOE, OSHA, EPA, DOD
  2. Working definition of DRM for radiation
  3. Status of current DRM for radiation detection/exposure assessment
  4. Research needs for emerging hazards
  5. Advantages/disadvantages of existing methods
  6. Data management challenges
  7. Specific NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) sector needs.

Session 6 – Surface Sampling/Biomonitoring

Monitors – John Snawder (NIOSH), Matthew Magnuson (EPA)

Speaker/Title of Presentation:
  1. Biomonitoring:
    1. Michael Philips (Menssana Research, Inc. – Breath Tests
      For Disease And Toxic Exposures
    2. Charles Timchalk, DABT (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) – Nanotechnology-based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposure
  2. Surface Sampling:
    1. Jayne B. Morrow (National Institute of Standards and Technology) – Surface Sampling of Bacillus spores
    2. Wassana Yantasee (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) – Next-generation metal analyzers based on nanomaterials for biomonitoring and environmental monitoring
    3. Kevin Ashley (NIOSH) – Standardized Surface Sampling Methods for Metals

Rapporteur – Debbie Sammons (NIOSH) Topics:

  1. What is the role for NIOSH in addressing DRI/DRM issues?
  2. Should NIOSH take the lead on a special DRI/DRM initiative?
  3. Identification of stakeholders/users: level of involvement.
  4. Types of DRI/DRM.
  5. Current applications for DRI/DRM.
  6. Obstacles to use of DRI/DRM.
  7. Future applications/New Technologies.
  8. Advantages/Disadvantages of particular instrumentation/methods.
  9. Guidelines development: common criteria needed for multiple agencies.
  10. Specific NIOSH National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) sector needs.
Page last reviewed: June 6, 2014
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