CDC Data Provide Important Insight On TB in the U.S.

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March 24, 2014 – New CDC Data Provide Important Insight On TB in the U.S.

In advance of World TB Day on March 24, CDC has released findings from a new study that demonstrates the severe human and economic costs of treating drug-resistant TB and a new report with preliminary national surveillance data for 2013.

Resources

Infographic: Costly Burden of Drug-Resistant TB

Click to download a high-resolution version of the full infographic or get the code for embedding the infographic on your website. The infographic and individual components highlight findings from CDC’s new cost analysis for the treatment of drug resistant TB.

These images are in the public domain and are thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy, we ask that the content provider be credited and notified of any public or private usage of an image.

Please note this resource is for reporters. If you are a member of the general public and seek additional information about TB, please visit www.cdc.gov/tb/. If you have additional questions, please call 1(800) CDC INFO or email CDC-INFO.

Thumbnail of infographic showing a charts depicting average treatment costs per case of TB, the major human costs of drug-resistant TB, severe side effects experienced by patients treated for drug-resistant TB, and an outline of the steps required to prevent and control MDR and XDR TB in the U.S.

The Costly Burden of Drug-Resistant TB in the United States
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Multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis is a major health threat globally. Nearly half a million MDR TB cases are estimated to occur worldwide annually, including cases that are extensively drug-resistant (XDR).

This infographic highlights that while MDR and XDR TB are relatively rare in the U.S., their treatment comes at a terrible price – it is very expensive, takes a long time to treat, disrupts lives, and has potentially life-threatening side effects.

Printable Infographic PDFpdf icon


Embeddable Infographics
Thumbnail of infographic showing a charts depicting average treatment costs per case of TB, the major human costs of drug-resistant TB, severe side effects experienced by patients treated for drug-resistant TB, and an outline of the steps required to prevent and control MDR and XDR TB in the U.S.

Copy the code below to embed this image (800×1035)


Thumbnail of infographic showing a charts depicting average treatment costs per case of TB, the major human costs of drug-resistant TB, severe side effects experienced by patients treated for drug-resistant TB, and an outline of the steps required to prevent and control MDR and XDR TB in the U.S.

Copy the code below to embed this image (620×802)


Thumbnail of infographic showing a charts depicting average treatment costs per case of TB, the major human costs of drug-resistant TB, severe side effects experienced by patients treated for drug-resistant TB, and an outline of the steps required to prevent and control MDR and XDR TB in the U.S.

Copy the code below to embed this image (150×194)


Infographic Components
Thumbnail image off TB Financial Toll Bar Chart

The Outsized Financial Toll of MDR and XDR TB
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The average cost of treating each TB case increases with greater resistance. Average direct cost ranges from $17,000 to treat drug-susceptible TB to $430,000 to treat the most drug-resistant form of the disease (XDR TB). When including productivity losses experienced by patients while undergoing treatment, costs are even higher.


Thumbnail of graphic depicting the human costs of drug-resistant TB.

A Major Human Cost
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In addition to the economic toll, treatment for drug-resistant TB comes at a major cost to patients’ quality-of-life. Of those treated for drug-resistant TB 9% died during treatment; 27% stopped working; 73% were hospitalized; and 37% required home isolation.


Thumbnail of Bar chart shows the percentage of patients treated for drug-resistant TB who experience severe treatment side effects. 19% experienced depression/psychosis; 13% experienced hearing impairment; 13% experienced hepatitis; 11% experiences kidney impairment; 8% experienced loss of mobility; 7% experienced vision impairment; and 1% expereinced seizures.

Severe Treatment Side Effects
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Substantial proportion of patients treated for drug-resistant TB experience serious side effects, including: depression/psychosis, hearing loss, hepatitis, and kidney impairment, among others.


Graphics: Key 2013 National TB Surveillance Data

The graphics highlight major findings from CDC’s analysis of 2013 national surveillance data. Click an image below to see and download a high-resolution version. These images are in the public domain and are thus free of any copyright restrictions. As a matter of courtesy, we ask that the content provider be credited and notified of any public or private usage of an image.

Thumbnail of a line graph shows the number of reported TB cases in the U.S. between 1982 and 2013, which marked the 21st year of decline in the total number of TB cases reported in the U.S. after a resurgence of TB in the mid-80s with several years of increased case counts until its peak in 1992.

Reported TB Cases in the United States, 1982-2013
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The resurgence of TB in the mid-1980s was marked by several years of increasing case counts until its peak in 1992. Case counts began decreasing again in 1993, and 2013 marks the 21st year of decline in the total number of TB cases reported in the United States since the peak of the resurgence.

 


Thumbnail of Bar graph shows the rate of reported TB in the U.S. by race/ethnicity in 2013. Rates per 100,000 population: Asians was 18.7 cases, blacks 5.3 cases, and Hispanics 5.0 cases. Rates for Asians, Blacks, and Hispanics were 26, seven, and seven times higher than whites, respectively.

TB Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
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Although TB rates declined among all racial/ethnic groups, TB rates among racial/ethnic minorities are much higher than those of whites. Rates for Asians (18.7/100,000), blacks (5.3), and Hispanics (5.0) were 26, seven, and seven times higher than among whites (0.7), respectively.


Thumbnail of Pie chart shows the proportion of reported TB cases in the U.S. in 2013. The proportion of TB cases among foreign-born persons was 65% and 35% among U.S.-born persons.

Proportion of TB Cases by National Origin, 2013
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Despite declines in the rates of TB among both foreign- and U.S.-born individuals, the TB rate among foreign-born persons was 13 times higher than among U.S.-born persons.


Quotes: CDC Experts on New TB Studies

Below are quotes for attribution to Dr. Jonathan Mermin and Dr. Philip LoBue to assist with your coverage of CDC’s new data for TB in the United States.

Dr. Jonathan Mermin, Director, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (on the importance of TB prevention)

“We have made substantial progress toward TB elimination in this country, but TB remains a formidable opponent with thousands of cases still diagnosed each year. TB can be fatal and treatment remains long and difficult. This ancient bacterium has demonstrated its ability to evade our attacks many times before.”

“TB can happen anywhere, in any community. Exposures can happen at school, at work, at home, while traveling, or anywhere that people are in close contact with one another. This is why TB prevention is a public health priority for the nation.”

“Too many falsely believe TB is a disease of the past, but to truly relegate this disease to the pages of our history books, we must identify better ways to detect and treat TB and we must stop the emergence of further drug resistance.”

Dr. Philip LoBue, Acting Director, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination (on the severe human and economic costs of drug-resistant TB)

“This study demonstrates the severe human and economic costs of treating drug-resistant TB. Even though we can typically cure these cases through complex care, this success comes at a price—for those who suffer and for the millions of dollars it costs the U.S. healthcare system.”

“The extremely high toll on the quality of life for patients is no less tragic. Many of those being treated for drug-resistant TB must endure severe side effects such as hearing loss, depression, or even psychosis. Patients also face home or hospital isolation.”

“In a shrinking world where diseases know no boundaries, the severe global TB epidemic poses a direct threat to the United States. The worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant TB is creating limited treatment options and in a worse-case scenario could lead to virtually untreatable TB strains.”

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICESexternal icon

Page last reviewed: March 24, 2014