Reducing Chronic Disease Through Physical Activity and Nutrition

Five Action Steps

Poor nutrition and inadequate physical activity are significant risk factors for obesity and other chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, and depression.

Five actions steps states and communities can take to reduce these risks for people they serve are listed below. Ways to get started and links to resources are also provided.

Five action steps to prevent health risks
Make physical activity safe and accessible for all
1. Make physical activity safe and accessible for all.
Make healthy food choices easier everywhere
2. Make healthy food choices easier everywhere.
  • Guide state and community facilities where food is offered and sold to use nutrition standards for food procurement. This will help ensure healthier food options are available.
Make breastfeeding easier to start and sustain
3. Make breastfeeding easier to start and sustain.
Strengthen state level obesity prevention standards
4. Strengthen obesity prevention standards for early care and education (ECE) settings.
Spread and scale pediatric weight management programs
  • Work with state Medicaid programs to help ensure that families with low incomes can easily access pediatric weight management interventions.