Restraint Use and Motor Vehicle Occupant State Data

Find state-specific data on restraint use and motor vehicle occupant deaths below, download your state’s fact sheet, and then identify strategies to help keep people safe on the road – every day.

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death during the first three decades of Americans’ lives. Increasing the proper use of age- and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats, and seat belts is an important way to prevent crash-related injuries and deaths. Learn more about effective interventions for motor vehicle injury prevention.

Use

Percentage of drivers and front seat passengers wearing seat belts.

Source for national data: National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS), 2012.
Source for state data: State Observational Survey of Seat Belt Use, 2012.

State Seat Belt Use
United States 86%
Alabama 90%
Alaska 88%
Arizona 82%
Arkansas 72%
California 96%
Colorado 81%
Connecticut 87%
Delaware 88%
Dist. Of Columbia 92%
Florida 87%
Georgia 92%
Hawaii 93%
Idaho 79%
Illinois 94%
Indiana 94%
Iowa 92%
Kansas 80%
Kentucky 84%
Louisiana 79%
Maine 84%
Maryland 91%
Massachusetts 73%
Michigan 94%
Minnesota 94%
Mississippi 83%
Missouri 79%
Montana 76%
Nebraska 79%
Nevada 91%
New Hampshire 69%
New Jersey 88%
New Mexico 91%
New York 90%
North Carolina 88%
North Dakota 81%
Ohio 82%
Oklahoma 84%
Oregon 97%
Pennsylvania 84%
Rhode Island 78%
South Carolina 91%
South Dakota  67%
Tennessee 84%
Texas 94%
Utah 82%
Vermont 84%
Virginia 78%
Washington 97%
West Virginia 84%
Wisconsin 80%
Wyoming 77%
Deaths

Number of motor vehicle occupants killed in each state, 2003-2012. 

Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) 2003-2011 and 2012 ARF

State Number of Deaths*
United States** 277,245
Alabama 8,264
Alaska 506
Arizona 6,481
Arkansas 4,933
California 23,125
Colorado 3,879
Connecticut 1,893
Delaware 852
District of Columbia 175
Florida 17,862
Georgia 11,355
Hawaii 671
Idaho 1,883
Illinois 8,138
Indiana 6,292
Iowa 3,162
Kansas 3,473
Kentucky 6,749
Louisiana 6,533
Maine 1,339
Maryland 3,829
Massachusetts 2,661
Michigan 7,348
Minnesota 3,685
Mississippi 6,687
Missouri 8,073
Montana 1,890
Nebraska 2,034
Nevada 2,213
New Hampshire 919
New Jersey 4,185
New Mexico 3,066
New York 7,717
North Carolina 10,804
North Dakota 1,003
Ohio 8,759
Oklahoma 5,871
Oregon 3,035
Pennsylvania 10,355
Rhode Island 507
South Carolina 7,195
South Dakota  1,228
Tennessee 9,004
Texas 25,017
Utah 2,059
Vermont 587
Virginia 6,796
Washington 3,819
West Virginia 2,953
Wisconsin 5,099
Wyoming 1,282

*All occupants killed where body type = 1-79

**50 states + DC

Deaths by Age

Rate of deaths by age (per 100,000 population) for motor vehicle occupants killed in crashes, 2012

Note: Blank cells indicate data are suppressed. Fatality rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are suppressed.

Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)

  0-20 21-34 35-54 55+ All Ages
United States 4.0 10.8 6.8 8.1 7.0
Alabama 8.6 20.8 12.6 15.5 13.7
Alaska         5.4
Arizona 5.0 12.0 7.3 6.9 7.4
Arkansas 8.0 20.3 13.8 16.2 13.8
California 2.4 6.9 4.0 4.5 4.2
Colorado 3.3 8.8 4.8 7.3 5.8
Connecticut   7.5 4.0 5.2 4.1
Delaware   13.0     6.9
District of Columbia          
Florida 3.5 10.0 6.7 7.2 6.4
Georgia 3.9 12.1 8.2 12.1 8.5
Hawaii         4.0
Idaho 4.5 12.0 8.8 10.9 8.6
Illinois 2.5 8.8 3.6 5.6 4.7
Indiana 5.0 12.0 7.2 9.9 8.1
Iowa 4.4 11.7 9.6 10.3 8.7
Kansas 7.5 13.9 10.7 13.1 11.0
Kentucky 6.7 19.7 13.4 13.7 12.9
Louisiana 6.9 15.6 10.3 10.5 10.4
Maine 6.6 18.0 7.3 9.1 9.4
Maryland 3.3 9.3 4.2 6.1 5.3
Massachusetts 1.8 4.7 2.2 3.9 2.9
Michigan 3.8 10.9 4.9 7.5 6.2
Minnesota 2.9 7.8 4.3 6.5 5.1
Mississippi 8.6 24.6 16.7 17.6 16.0
Missouri 5.5 15.3 11.6 10.4 10.2
Montana 10.6 29.6 17.0 12.5 16.4
Nebraska 7.7 13.6 8.1 9.1 9.2
Nevada 3.5 6.2 4.6 8.4 5.4
New Hampshire       6.8 5.0
New Jersey 2.1 6.2 2.8 4.7 3.6
New Mexico 6.0 14.3 13.7 11.0 11.1
New York 1.7 4.1 2.9 4.4 3.1
North Carolina 5.1 12.5 8.7 9.9 8.6
North Dakota 11.0 25.2 27.0 18.6 20.2
Ohio 3.6 9.6 7.6 8.0 6.9
Oklahoma 6.0 22.7 15.7 15.9 14.3
Oregon 2.6 7.9 4.3 7.3 5.1
Pennsylvania 4.5 11.1 6.4 7.3 6.8
Rhode Island         4.5
South Carolina 6.8 19.8 12.7 11.8 12.0
South Dakota 9.5 17.9 12.1 10.1 12.0
Tennessee 6.1 16.4 12.3 15.0 11.7
Texas 5.2 14.5 8.9 9.5 9.1
Utah 2.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 5.5
Vermont   19.2     8.4
Virginia 3.9 8.9 6.7 9.3 6.8
Washington 2.1 5.3 4.2 4.3 3.9
West Virginia 5.9 22.6 13.7 13.7 13.1
Wisconsin 4.8 10.9 7.4 8.0 7.4
Wyoming   29.5 14.9 20.7 17.5
Deaths by Gender

Rate of deaths by gender (per 100,000 population) for motor vehicle occupants killed in crashes, 2012.

Note: Blank cells indicate data are suppressed. Fatality rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are suppressed.

Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), 2003-2012. 

State Male Female
United States 9.4 4.7
Alabama 17.6 10.0
Alaska 5.5  
Arizona 10.2 4.7
Arkansas 17.3 10.4
California 5.6 2.7
Colorado 7.4 4.1
Connecticut 5.4 2.9
Delaware 10.0 4.1
District of Columbia    
Florida 8.4 4.4
Georgia 11.7 5.5
Hawaii 5.7  
Idaho 10.4 6.9
Illinois 6.3 3.2
Indiana 10.9 5.3
Iowa 11.3 6.0
Kansas 15.1 6.7
Kentucky 15.7 10.1
Louisiana 13.9 7.1
Maine 13.2 5.8
Maryland 7.1 3.7
Massachusetts 4.1 1.7
Michigan 8.3 4.2
Minnesota 6.2 4.0
Mississippi 22.3 10.0
Missouri 14.2 6.3
Montana 21.9 10.9
Nebraska 12.8 5.7
Nevada 6.5 4.3
New Hampshire 7.3 2.8
New Jersey 5.0 2.4
New Mexico 15.1 6.9
New York 4.2 2.0
North Carolina 11.5 5.9
North Dakota 29.3 10.5
Ohio 9.1 4.7
Oklahoma 19.2 9.6
Oregon 5.9 4.2
Pennsylvania 9.2 4.4
Rhode Island 6.3  
South Carolina 17.0 7.2
South Dakota 15.4 8.5
Tennessee 16.8 6.9
Texas 12.2 6.0
Utah 5.9 5.0
Vermont 10.2 6.5
Virginia 9.3 4.3
Washington 5.2 2.5
West Virginia 19.1 7.2
Wisconsin 9.6 5.1
Wyoming 21.9 12.9
All Restraints Data

Source: Please see separate data tabs for source information.

State Restraint Use (%) Fatalities: Total Fatalities by Age: 0-20 Fatalities by Age: 21-34 Fatalities by Age: 33-54 Fatalities by Age 55+ Fatalities by Age: All Ages Fatalities: Male Fatalities: Female
United States 86% 277,245 4.0 10.8 6.8 8.1 7.0 9.4 4.7
Alabama 90% 8,264 8.6 20.8 12.6 15.5 13.7 17.6 10.0
Alaska 88% 506         5.4 5.5  
Arizona 82% 6,481 5.0 12.0 7.3 6.9 7.4 10.2 4.7
Arkansas 72% 4,933 8.0 20.3 13.8 16.2 13.8 17.3 10.4
California 96% 23,125 2.4 6.9 4.0 4.5 4.2 5.6 2.7
Colorado 81% 3,879 3.3 8.8 4.8 7.3 5.8 7.4 4.1
Connecticut 87% 1,893   7.5 4.0 5.2 4.1 5.4 2.9
Delaware 88% 852   13.0     6.9 10.0 4.1
District of Columbia 92% 175              
Florida 87% 17,862 3.5 10.0 6.7 7.2 6.4 8.4 4.4
Georgia 92% 11,355 3.9 12.1 8.2 12.1 8.5 11.7 5.5
Hawaii 93% 671         4.0 5.7  
Idaho 79% 1,883 4.5 12.0 8.8 10.9 8.6 10.4 6.9
Illinois 94% 8,138 2.5 8.8 3.6 5.6 4.7 6.3 3.2
Indiana 94% 6,292 5.0 12.0 7.2 9.9 8.1 10.9 5.3
Iowa 92% 3,162 4.4 11.7 9.6 10.3 8.7 11.3 6.0
Kansas 80% 3,473 7.5 13.9 10.7 13.1 11.0 15.1 6.7
Kentucky 84% 6,749 6.7 19.7 13.4 13.7 12.9 15.7 10.1
Louisiana 79% 6,533 6.9 15.6 10.3 10.5 10.4 13.9 7.1
Maine 84% 1,339 6.6 18.0 7.3 9.1 9.4 13.2 5.8
Maryland 91% 3,829 3.3 9.3 4.2 6.1 5.3 7.1 3.7
Massachusetts 73% 2,661 1.8 4.7 2.2 3.9 2.9 4.1 1.7
Michigan 94% 7,348 3.8 10.9 4.9 7.5 6.2 8.3 4.2
Minnesota 94% 3,685 2.9 7.8 4.3 6.5 5.1 6.2 4.0
Mississippi 83% 6,687 8.6 24.6 16.7 17.6 16.0 22.3 10.0
Missouri 79% 8,073 5.5 15.3 11.6 10.4 10.2 14.2 6.3
Montana 76% 1,890 10.6 29.6 17.0 12.5 16.4 21.9 10.9
Nebraska 79% 2,034 7.7 13.6 8.1 9.1 9.2 12.8 5.7
Nevada 91% 2,213 3.5 6.2 4.6 8.4 5.4 6.5 4.3
New Hampshire 69% 919       6.8 5.0 7.3 2.8
New Jersey 88% 4,185 2.1 6.2 2.8 4.7 3.6 5.0 2.4
New Mexico 91% 3,066 6.0 14.3 13.7 11.0 11.1 15.1 6.9
New York 90% 7,717 1.7 4.1 2.9 4.4 3.1 4.2 2.0
North Carolina 88% 10,804 5.1 12.5 8.7 9.9 8.6 11.5 5.9
North Dakota 81% 1,003 11.0 25.2 27.0 18.6 20.2 29.3 10.5
Ohio 82% 8,759 3.6 9.6 7.6 8.0 6.9 9.1 4.7
Oklahoma 84% 5,871 6.0 22.7 15.7 15.9 14.3 19.2 9.6
Oregon 97% 3,035 2.6 7.9 4.3 7.3 5.1 5.9 4.2
Pennsylvania 84% 10,355 4.5 11.1 6.4 7.3 6.8 9.2 4.4
Rhode Island 78% 507         4.5 6.3  
South Carolina 91% 7,195 6.8 19.8 12.7 11.8 12.0 17.0 7.2
South Dakota  67% 1,228 9.5 17.9 12.1 10.1 12.0 15.4 8.5
Tennessee 84% 9,004 6.1 16.4 12.3 15.0 11.7 16.8 6.9
Texas 94% 25,017 5.2 14.5 8.9 9.5 9.1 12.2 6.0
Utah 82% 2,059 2.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.0
Vermont 84% 587   19.2     8.4 10.2 6.5
Virginia 78% 6,796 3.9 8.9 6.7 9.3 6.8 9.3 4.3
Washington 97% 3,819 2.1 5.3 4.2 4.3 3.9 5.2 2.5
West Virginia 84% 2,953 5.9 22.6 13.7 13.7 13.1 19.1 7.2
Wisconsin 80% 5,099 4.8 10.9 7.4 8.0 7.4 9.6 5.1
Wyoming 77% 1,282   29.5 14.9 20.7 17.5 21.9 12.9
Download Data, Maps, & Charts

The state seat belt data, Percentage of Drivers and Front Seat Passengers Wearing Seat Belts in 2012, and the state motor vehicle occupant death data are available in data.cdc.gov to download and create customized visualizations to use on your web site. The data is available for all states and divided up by HHS regions. 

The datasets and pre-built visualizations are available from the links below.

Percentage of Drivers and Front Seat Passengers Wearing Seat Belts in 2012, Grouped by HHS Region* & All States
HHS Region 1*
HHS Region 2*
HHS Region 3*
HHS Region 4*
HHS Region 5*
HHS Region 6*
HHS Region 7*
HHS Region 8*
HHS Region 9*
HHS Region 10*
All US States

 

Motor Vehicle Death Rate and Total Deaths, Grouped by HHS Region* & All States

Motor Vehicle Occupant Death Rates by State

Motor Vehicle Occupant Deaths in States, 2003-2012

*HHS Regions
  • Region 1 – Boston: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont
  • Region 2 – New York: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
  • Region 3 – Philadelphia: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
  • Region 4 – Atlanta: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee
  • Region 5 – Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin
  • Region 6 – Dallas: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
  • Region 7 – Kansas City: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska
  • Region 8 – Denver: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming
  • Region 9 – San Francisco: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau
  • Region 10 – Seattle: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington

Source: www.hhs.gov/iea/regionalExternal

Related Pages

CDC Vital Signs: Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths. In 2013, the US crash death rate was more than twice the average of other high-income countries. www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/motor-vehicle-safety