Table 5.9. Annual Cost for Each Intervention for the Case in Which Fines Are Included: Primary Enforcement of Seat Belt Laws, Seat Belt Enforcement Campaigns, License Plate Impoundments, Limits on Diversion and Plea Agreements, Vehicle Impoundments, In-Person License Renewals, and Higher Seat Belt Fines

Table 5.9. Annual Cost for Each Intervention for the Case in Which Fines Are Included: Primary Enforcement of Seat Belt Laws, Seat Belt Enforcement Campaigns, License Plate Impoundments, Limits on Diversion and Plea Agreements, Vehicle Impoundments, In-Person License Renewals, and Higher Seat Belt Fines ($)
State Primary Enforcement of Seat Belt Laws Seat Belt Enforcement Campaign License Plate Impoundment Limits On Diversion and Plea Agreements Vehicle Impounds In-Person License Renewals Higher Seat Belt Fines
Ala. 1,538,736 949,761 67,267 191,000 149,182 1,459,000 –1,589,000
Alaska 706,077 337,212 –582,586 1,778,000 666,385 63,000 –239,000
Ariz. 4,199,547 1,686,737 –5,808,208 10,705,000 4,284,562 406,000 –2,145,000
Ark. 810,487 589,000 –1,200,891 1,572,000 1,017,614 743,000 –972,000
Calif. 18,295,951 8,120,761 –17,163,446 53,680,000 12,362,320 1,815,000 –6,205,000
Colo. 3,492,330 1,368,929 –4,417,264 9,358,000 3,333,269 707,000 –1,693,000
Conn. 2,596,108 1,031,770 –1,253,693 4,186,000 1,143,703 735,000 –1,185,000
Del. 727,979 351,336 93,060 201,000 161,761 189,000 –300,000
D.C. 653,098 335,996 167,130 189,000 179,187 1,133,000 –205,000
Fla. 11,140,252 4,414,619 –7,240,592 9,611,000 5,245,276 4,699,000 –6,306,000
Ga. 2,989,640 1,846,708 –5,102,734 6,450,000 3,774,082 520,000 –3,248,000
Hawaii 765,363 407,671 –854,000 2,244,000 827,085 140,000 –455,000
Idaho 736,844 416,574 –1,429,962 2,141,000 1,186,298 345,000 –525,000
Ill. 9,682,837 3,476,252 –473,412 1,599,000 554,746 578,000 –4,259,000
Ind. 2,613,092 1,360,169 –3,249,853 4,586,000 2,465,534 148,000 –2,157,000
Iowa 1,492,397 738,213 –1,879,938 4,709,000 1,510,524 412,000 –1,013,000
Kan. 1,115,936 643,220 –1,913,873 2,687,000 1,459,260 680,000 –950,000
Ky. 1,419,207 879,559 –3,753,004 5,145,000 2,804,999 962,000 –1,446,000
La. 1,391,322 894,129 –903,459 1,646,000 819,444 1,079,000 –1,514,000
Maine 528,552 354,889 –855,637 1,443,000 798,566 369,000 –440,000
Md. 3,530,661 1,460,551 –2,755,506 5,732,000 2,176,577 11,487,000 –1,929,000
Mass. 3,879,752 1,642,231 –1,488,426 2,954,000 1,305,902 9,098,000 –2,180,000
Mich. 5,206,963 2,279,651 –4,808,064 10,151,000 3,572,339 1,199,000 –3,268,000
Minn. 3,195,231 1,340,983 –3,961,775 9,741,000 3,006,761 1,232,000 –1,769,000
Miss. 530,479 543,458 –1,792,917 2,072,000 1,425,519 628,000 –968,000
Mo. 2,136,899 1,219,966 –4,826,169 13,661,534 3,567,854 1,215,000 –1,433,000
Mont. 507,799 304,531 –603,300 1,044,000 610,901 257,000 –330,000
Neb. 878,302 474,612 –1,905,812 2,742,000 1,520,962 332,000 –610,000
Nev. 2,188,387 831,760 –1,851,706 4,728,000 1,513,518 2,573,000 –901,000
N.H. 722,607 399,442 –476,411 1,325,000 551,722 97,000 –308,000
N.J. 9,164,624 2,877,385 –4,219,089 11,430,000 3,207,698 2,017,000 –2,919,000
N.M. 889,524 503,294 –1,811,567 2,724,000 1,458,404 285,000 –689,000
N.Y. 13,601,192 5,019,053 –5,759,177 14,204,000 4,303,825 4,910,000 –6,441,000
N.C. 3,172,188 1,824,280 –8,882,167 12,070,000 6,410,850 620,000 –3,195,000
N.D. 389,553 243,979 –699,669 1,367,000 680,973 176,000 –226,000
Ohio 6,388,226 2,688,366 –6,002,537 10,411,000 4,400,133 2,765,000 –3,820,000
Okla. 1,140,897 749,808 –2,341,580 3,096,000 1,818,204 876,000 –1,255,000
Ore. 2,556,622 1,044,681 –2,372,745 4,664,000 1,881,511 726,000 –1,281,000
Pa. 7,411,398 3,011,831 –7,982,969 14,025,000 5,810,089 1,775,000 –4,217,000
R.I. 685,333 367,468 –279,463 849,000 431,575 138,000 –348,000
S.C. 1,408,352 909,273 –2,517,423 4,561,000 1,953,169 771,000 –1,548,000
S.D. 365,411 250,678 –788,557 1,262,000 720,667 67,000 –273,000
Tenn. 2,193,610 1,266,280 –4,177,139 5,612,000 3,111,340 449,000 –2,119,000
Texas 12,615,015 5,446,913 –14,239,076 17,465,000 10,160,990 2,544,000 –8,496,000
Utah 1,222,716 658,991 –419,872 847,000 488,794 127,000 –932,000
Vt. 357,913 244,452 –253,029 768,000 391,132 999,000 –207,000
Va. 4,092,261 1,821,386 –4,707,424 8,340,000 3,519,801 1,190,000 –2,679,000
Wash. 5,305,613 1,909,722 –1,704,869 2,970,000 1,440,112 422,000 –2,260,000
W.Va. 536,742 407,108 –798,129 1,879,000 734,392 149,000 –614,000
Wis. 3,014,634 1,345,988 –4,707,083 4,718,000 3,494,770 1,007,000 –1,890,000
Wyo. 385,415 235,249 –714,614 1,671,000 702,010 69,000 –188,000