Science Speaks

  1. Measuring the Magnitude of Health Inequality Between Two Population Subgroup Proportions.external icon National Library of Medicine. Published Apr 2020. Ramal Moonesinghe, Makram Talih, and David T Huang.
  2. QuickStats: Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities Among U.S. Children Aged 3- 17 Years.
Chart depicting Prevalence of Children aged 3-18 years diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or a learning disability, by race and ethnicity. See linked page for details
  • In 2016–2018, nearly 14% of children aged 3–17 years were reported as ever having been diagnosed with either attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a learning disability; non-Hispanic black children were the most likely to be diagnosed (16.9%).
  • Among children aged 3–10 years, non-Hispanic black children were more likely to have ever been diagnosed with ADHD or a learning disability compared with non-Hispanic white or Hispanic children.
  • Diagnosis of ADHD or a learning disability differed by federal poverty level for children in all racial and ethnic groups.
  • Diagnosis of ADHD or a learning disability differed by parental education among non-Hispanic white children only.

Source: NCHS Data Brief No. 358, March 2020. Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2016-2018.

Page last reviewed: June 16, 2020