News You Can Use!
- AJPH publishes New Perspectives to Advance Minority Health and Health Disparities Research
- Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America Website
- Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
- New Website: Prevention Research Centers
- Download CDC's One Health Resources
- Suicides among Lesbian & Gay Male Individuals
- New CDC Field Epidemiology Manual Released
- Discover Connections Among Types of Violence
- New Topic Specific Healthy Brain Initiative (HBI) Road Maps
- Health Literacy Resources
The future of minority health and health disparities research is here! The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (at NIH) presents 30 research strategies to chart a new course to advance the science of minority health and health disparities.
The American Journal of Public Health special issue New Perspectives to Advance Minority Health and Health Disparities ResearchExternal is the culmination of a 2-year NIMHD-led transdisciplinary science visioningExternal process that bridged scientific disciplines to develop a coordinated research vision.
The special issue includes analytic essays and editorials that cover harmonizing health disparities measurement, leveraging the data-rich world, addressing social determinants of health; designing structural, behavioral, and multilevel interventions, and building an evidence base to adapt interventions for health disparity populations. Other covered topics include methodologies to understand causes, importance of a life course perspective, and key biological mechanisms that link social exposure to chronic diseases.
In partnership with the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health and other federal agencies, CDC recently announced plans for Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for AmericaExternal. This new initiative will deploy the people and key prevention and treatment strategies needed to reduce new HIV infections by 75 percent within five years and by at least 90 percent within ten years. Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America acts boldly by providing the hardest hit communities with the additional expertise, technology, and resources required to address the HIV epidemic in their communities. Specifically, CDC will:
- Diagnose new HIV infections,
- Treat those with infections rapidly and effectively,
- Protect people from being infected,
- Respond quickly to and stop new outbreaks.
The most recent data suggest that progress in reducing new infections has plateaued, and many communities remain vulnerable to HIV infection. By providing all at-risk communities with these effective prevention and treatment tools, we can end the HIV epidemic in America. More details on the initiative are available at the Ending the HIV Epidemic websiteExternal.
CDC is pleased to announce the release of 2017 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). PRAMS was developed in 1987 to help reduce infant morbidity and mortality by providing data not available elsewhere about pregnancy and the first few months after birth. It is part of CDC’S Safe Motherhood and Infant Health Initiative. Researchers can request the most recent year of data, as well as prior years’ data. To determine the data availability by site and year from 1988–2017, please access the tables under Years of Data Available.
PRAMS is funded in 51 sites and covers 83% of all live births in the United States. Sites now include 47 states, New York City, Washington, DC, Puerto Rico, and the Great Plains Tribal Chairman’s Health Board.
PRAMS data can:
- Identify groups of women and infants at high risk for health problems.
- Provide information for state health officials to improve the health of mothers and infants.
- Allow states and CDC to monitor changes in maternal and child health indicators, such as breastfeeding, smoking and drinking during pregnancy, and infant health.
- Address emerging health issues of particular concern to pregnant women, including surveillance for disaster preparedness and pandemic infectious disease.
CDC’s Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program is pleased to announce the launch of its new PRC website. The new site offers quick and easy ways to access information about PRC research and special interest projects. The PRCs are a network of 26 academic research centers in the United States that study how people and their communities can avoid or counter the risks for chronic illnesses.
- PRC Study Findings Categorized by Health Topic
- Resources Including PRC Publications and Tools
- Communications Center
See research findings conducted by CDC’s 26 academic centers at the PRC website. The website is accessible from all smart devices, laptops, and tablets.
Add a CDC Prevention Research Center Badge to Your Website
For easy access to updated research at our 26 academic centers, add a PRC badge to your website.
Did you know that CDC’s One Health Office has free graphics and other resources available online? You can find downloadable graphics, fact sheets, web buttons, and more on the CDC One Health website. Feel free to use and share these resources to get the word out about using a One Health approach.
Although the burden of suicidal ideation and attempts among sexual minority populations is high, useful and contextual information about the circumstances of suicide deaths among lesbian and gay male individuals is still limited. To our knowledge, this is the first study using data from a large, multi-state surveillance system to examine suicides among gay male and lesbian decedents across the lifespan.
Suicides among Lesbian and Gay Male Individuals: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting SystemExternal contributes to the suicide prevention field by expanding on the characteristics and precipitating circumstances of suicide among lesbians and gay men compared to non-lesbians and non-gay male victims using 2003-2014 data from 18 U.S. states in the National Violent Death Reporting System. The analysis revealed several differences by age, mechanism of injury, and known precipitating circumstances, including a greater presence of physical health, job, and relationship problems among gay male decedents, and intimate partner and other relationship problems among lesbian decedents. Current diagnosed mental health conditions and a history of suicide planning and intent were more common for both lesbian and gay male decedents. The findings underscore the importance of ensuring that suicide prevention efforts are culturally sensitive and consider the needs of sexual minority populations. For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
CDC, in partnership with the CDC Foundation and Oxford University Press, has published The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual. The manual serves as a guide to investigating acute public health events on the ground and in real-time. Assembled and written by CDC experts, as well as those from other leading public health agencies, The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual offers current and field-tested guidance for every stage of an outbreak investigation—from identification to intervention and other core considerations along the way. The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual includes the core elements of field work, such as:
- Recommendations and guidance for using new tools in field investigations
- Tips for investigating major types of problems in multiple settings, including outbreaks in healthcare and community care; outbreaks of violence, suicide, and other forms of injury; multinational outbreaks; and suspected biologic or toxic agents
- Case study examples of lessons learned from recent field investigations
Online access is free. The manual is also available in hardcover, paperback, and e-book versions from the Oxford University Press, Amazon, and Barnes & Noble.
Connecting the Dots Selector is a new tool from CDC that makes it easier to see links between different types of violence. A clear understanding of these connections can help you plan strategies to prevent multiple forms of violence at once. This tool enables you to connect the overlapping causes and what can protect people at individual, relationship, community, and societal levels.
How Do I Use It?
- Select an option to see how results interrelate, including:
- Social-Ecological Model (SEM): Select the Individual, Relationship, Community, or Society level of the SEM to see the risk and protective factors at that level and the violence types associated with each.
- Risk and Protective Factors: Within any level of the SEM, click on a risk or protective factor to see the violence types associated with it.
- Violence Types: Click on any violence type to explore the risk and protective factors associated with it at each level of the SEM.
- Check out the connections and how their insights can help stop violence before it starts.
Everyday Words for Public Health Communication
Everyday Words for Public Health Communication offers expert recommendations from CDC’s Health Literacy Council and other agency communicators on how to reduce jargon and improve reader understanding. You can search for public health jargon or plain language words and find alternatives and example sentences.
Evaluate for Health Literacy
Evaluation is an essential step to the health literacy improvement process and effective public health practice. Visit our Evaluate Skills & Programs webpage for resources to help identify health literacy needs and measure success.
Is Your Health Information in Plain Language?
Plain language can make your health materials easier to use and understand. Visit our Plain Language Materials & Resources webpage for resources to organize and present health information clearly.
Are You Clear on “The Index”?
The CDC Clear Communication Index provides a set of research-based criteria to develop and assess public communication products. Visit our Clear Communication Index User Guide webpage for a closer look.
Cultural Competency and Health Literacy Primer
Organizations can increase communication effectiveness when they recognize and bridge cultural differences that may contribute to miscommunication.
Health professionals and educators can use the Primer: Cultural Competency and Health LiteracyExternal guide for teaching cultural competency. The primer provides teaching tools to improve cross-cultural communication skills, deliver culturally and linguistically appropriate healthcare services to diverse populations, and develop programs and policies to improve health outcomes and reduce health disparities.
You can find the primer and other resources on CDC’s Culture & Health Literacy webpage, which is dedicated to helping health professionals address the cultural and language differences between the people who provide information and services and the people they serve.